Here is another link with graphics from the BBC’s technical department that fully explain the level of corruption against James Walker and Brian Pead (and no doubt others).
Please note that this material is the copyright of the BBC.
Click here to read the FULL JUDGMENT in the employment Tribunal hearing between James Walker and Lambeth Council. This material is in the public domain. Compare the number of pages in James Walker’s case (65) and Brian Pead’s case (8 pages). Their cases were essentially similar.
Here is a transcript of the Tribunal Judgment which is in the public domain:
THE EMPLOYMENT TRIBUNAL
BEFORE: EMPLOYMENT JUDGE HALL-SMITH
MEMBERS: MRS V DAVIDSON MS C EDWARDS
Mr J.R. Walker Claimant
London Borough of Lambeth Respondent
ON: 19, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30 November 2010, 7, 8, 10 December 2010, 31 January 2011, 2 February, 21, 22, 23, 24 February 2011, 28, 29 March 2011; (Chambers) 12, 13, 14, 19, 20 April 2011; 8 July 2011
For the Claimant: In person
For the Respondent: Miss Fraser-Butlin, Counsel
THE UNANIMOUS JUDGMENT of the Tribunal is that:
1. The Claimant was unfairly dismissed within the meaning of section 95(1) (c) of the Employment Rights Act 1996.
2. The Claimant’s complaints of unlawful disability discrimination and victimisation are not well founded and are accordingly dismissed.
3. A Remedy Hearing will be listed.
1. By claim forms presented to the Tribunal on 26 May 2009 and 9 September 2010, Mr James Walker, brought complaints of unfair constructive dismissal unlawful disability discrimination, harassment and victimisation on grounds of disability against the Respondent, the London Borough of Lambeth.
2. At the hearing the Claimant attended in person and gave evidence before the Tribunal. The Claimant called the following witnesses on his behalf, namely
• Mr Ray Sriotkin, NUT Branch Officer
• Mr John Marr, Premises Officer
• Mrs Rebecca Walker, the Claimant’s wife
• Ms Jennifer Page, Teacher
• Mrs Marite Stragier, Chair of Governing Body
• Ms J Redgate, Teacher and Senior Management Team
• Ms Leanne Foulkes, Teacher
• Ms Susan Burd, Teacher
• Ms Barbara Churchward, School Admin Officer
• Ms Emma Bilsdon, Assistant Head Teacher
• Ms Carol Ann White, Management Consultant
The Tribunal also read witness statements from Maire Lynch, Teacher and Kelly Ireland, Receptionist and Teaching Assistant.
3. The Respondent represented by Ms Sarah Fraser-Butlin, Counsel, called the following witnesses on behalf of the Respondent:
• Ms Cathy Twist, Assistant Director, CYPS
• Ms Claire Cobbold, Head of HR CYPS
• Mr Nilesh Jethwa, Manager in Education Finance
• Mr Matt Britt, School SIP from November 2008/interim Head Teacher
• Ms Penny Bermingham, Assistant Head, Henry Fawcett Primary School/Acting Head.
• Mr Barry Gilhooly, Assistant Director CYPS
• Mr Christopher Ashton, Deputy Executive Director CYPS
• Ms Sandra Morrison, Assistant Director CYPS
• Ms Pat Petch, Henry Fawcett Primary School IB
• Ms Carol Palmer, CYPS Manager
• Ms Ros Scherler, School Adviser
• Mr Mike Suarez, Executive Director, Finance and Resources
• Mr David Hughes, Deputy Chief Internal Auditor
• Mr Jason Preece, Assistant Director CYPS
• John Parr, Associate Head Teacher
4. There was a bundle of documents contained in five lever arch file and a supplementary file paginated from 1 to 5,085. The Claimant produced a bundle of documents C1 to C31.
5. It was unfortunate that the parties had not agreed a list of issues before the hearing. At the outset of the Tribunal hearing Mrs Fraser-Butlin on behalf of the Respondent produced a draft list of issues which the Claimant did not challenge. Accordingly the list of issues before the Tribunal involved the following:
5.1 As at February 2009 the Respondent accepts that the Claimant was a disabled person having regard to the Claimant’s condition of cancer. There was an issue as to whether the Claimant’s impairment subsequently became a past disability in circumstances where a scan revealed that he was “clear”.
5.2 The Claimant complains of direct discrimination, disability related discrimination and harassment regarding the following up to 4 November 2009:
5.2.1, his suspension;
5.2.2 the Penny Bermingham investigation;
5.2.3 the approach taken to his grievances;
5.2.4 the second disciplinary investigation.
5.3 The Claimant alleges reasonable adjustments were not made:
5.3.1 taking account of the Claimant’s illness on his performance prior to his diagnosis;
5.3.2 considering the impact of the interim team who managed Henry Fawcett Primary School during his absence;
5.3.3 considering the impact on the school of the Claimant’s sudden diagnosis and absence;
5.3.4 adjusting the criteria for assessing his performance to take into account his illness and his absence;
5.3.5 considering the ongoing consequences of the Claimant’s treatment and the need for support;
5.3.6 making adjustments to the investigation procedures and the meetings despite repeated requests.
5.3.7 considering medical advice in relation to the Claimant’s treatment.
5.4 The Claimant relies on his grievance dated 27 February 2009 as a protected act. He alleges that he was victimised because of it. The detriments he relies on are:-
5.4.1 the Penny Bermingham investigation;
5.4.2 the approach taken to his grievance;
5.4.3 the second disciplinary investigation where matters took place after 27 February 2009.
5.5 The Claimant alleges that he resigned because of the relationship of mutual trust and confidence with the Respondent had broken down for the following reasons:
5.5.1 he no longer had trust and confidence that he would be treated fairly and justly at a disciplinary hearing;
5.5.2 the failure to provide witnesses and the Claimant with specific and detailed allegations.
5.5.3 the failure to clarify the division of responsibility between other individuals and bodies;
5.5.4 compilation of witness evidence of people who had never met the Claimant and the failure to interview key witnesses.
5.5.5 disregarded whistle blowing evidence;
5.5.6 failure to appoint an impartial and independent panel.
5.5.7 repetition of allegations relating to the period when the Claimant was undergoing chemotherapy;
5.5.8 failure to act on allegations that Penny Bermingham bullied the Claimant and others;
5.5.9 procuring the destruction of the Claimant’s files and conducting a flawed investigation into the issues;
5.5.10 failure to carry out the investigations in a prompt and ordered way.
5.5.11 not acting even-handedly by not asking the questions about Mrs Bermingham’s behaviour to the Claimant;
5.5.12 failure to provide accurate minutes of witness meetings.
5.6 There was a further issue involving jurisdiction namely in circumstances allegations involving matters occurring before and after 6 April 2009. Such allegations fall within the transitional provisions of the Employment Act 2008 (Commencement No 1) Order 2008 and Part 3 of the Schedule to the Order provides that where the Claimant presents a complaint to the Tribunal before 4 July 2009 the old procedures regarding grievances would apply. Accordingly Section 32 of the Employment Act 2002 would prevent a Tribunal having jurisdiction to consider a complaint unless the Claimant had presented a grievance. The 2008 Order was relevant to the Claimant’s first claim form alleging unlawful disability discrimination.
6. The Claimant Mr James Walker commenced his employment with the Respondent, London Borough of Lambeth (“Lambeth”) in 1990 as a teacher. In September 1999 the Claimant became Head Teacher of the Henry Fawcett Primary School. The school is a big school and at the time of the Claimant’s involvement with the school there were about 400 pupils and 80 members of staff. The school’s annual budget was approximately £2 million.
7. In his role as Head Teacher of the school the Claimant had to deal with a number of challenges which included problems with pupil behaviour and the poor state of the school building. At the time the Claimant joined the school there was a high rate of exclusions, which the Claimant successfully reduced.
8. During the period the Claimant was Head Teacher of the school there were two Ofsted inspections which rated the Claimant’s management and leadership as good, pages 1593 – 1632.
9. It was clear from the evidence that the Claimant was highly committed to the school and the Claimant generated a significant amount of respect both amongst parents, teaching staff and pupils.
10. In 2005 the Claimant was asked by the Respondent to set up one of its first Children Centres to be attached to a primary school. Accordingly the Claimant took over the running of an existing day nursery located at Kennington.
11. The Tribunal accepted the Claimant’s evidence that the management of the Children’s Centre presented many challenges, including a large number of staff and the need to carry out major refurbishment of the building. There were, in addition, concerns about long term funding of the centre.
12. Notwithstanding the endeavours of the Claimant to improve the school the Respondent Council did have concerns about educational levels at the school, which in 2007 were reflected in poor results in Foundation stage and Key Stage 1. Some results were below average, although other schools in Lambeth reflected similar levels of low achievement to those of Henry Fawcett Primary School. In common with all the Respondent’s schools Henry Fawcett Primary School had a School Improvement Partner (“SIP”). The school’s SIP and school advisor for the period 2004 to 2008 was Ros Scherler.
13. In February 2008 the Claimant underwent major surgery to remove a large tumour in his abdomen. On 18 March 2008 the Claimant was diagnosed with cancer and was informed that he would require more time off work to undertake chemotherapy treatment.
14. Prior to the Claimant’s operation on 28 February 2008, the Claimant had attended a meeting with the governing body of the school on 6 February 2008, page 2048/5. At the meeting issues relating to funding were discussed.
15. Once it became clear that the Claimant would be away from the school for a prolonged period, steps were taken to install interim arrangements for the running of the school. Initially the school’s three Assistant Heads, Emma Bilsdon, Penny Bermingham and Yasmin Ahmed undertook the role of running the school.
16. On 24 April 2008, Cathy Twist, Assistant Director (Standards) Lambeth Children’s and Young Peoples Service wrote the following e-mail to the Claimant, page 281:
“…I do hope the treatment is going well and you are managing to have some relaxation time. All seems to be fine at Henry Fawcett. Ros and I met with John Parr and his tenant from RYA who is also happy to give a couple of afternoons a week support to Penny and the team.
Ros and I talked to Penny, Emma and Yasmin today about their roles and agreed how John and Liz would support
It would seem important that there are clear lines of accountability and perhaps some remuneration for Penny, Yasmin and Emma. Taking advice from HR, if we formalise the roles slightly further with Penny as acting Head Teacher and Yasmin and Emma as acting Deputy Head Teachers each with the clear responsibilities you have already allocated but adding one or two other and a clear oversight role from Penny so I think governors can be very clear that all the bases have been covered. It also means that we can give the three of them some pro-rata remuneration for the summer term and get Claire Cobbold to suggest what that might be based on, current salaries and the differential between yours and theirs and clear that with governors.
The LA will pay for the support from John and Liz and for additional teaching and learning consultants support as needed.
You absolutely don’t need to respond to this – but I just wanted to keep you in the loop. As I say things seem absolutely fine, and we are all working with Penny to ensure she and the other staff have all the support they need!…”
17. The Claimant did have genuine concerns that Penny Bermingham lacked the necessary experience to undertake the role of acting Head Teacher. On the same day the Claimant replied to Cathy Twist, page 277, stating the following:
“…Thanks for the e-mail and updating me on the cover arrangements. The support sounds very good. My only concern is that Penny is not overloaded. Yasmin has a lot of experience at a senior level. It might be worth giving her HR issues to deal with. I am happy to leave it to the chair to make a final decision…”
18. The Claimant during the period of his treatment in April and May 2008 had concerns, about the school budget. On 14 May 2008 the Claimant e-mailed the following to Cathy Twist:
“…I am very worried about the school – CC budget Penny and Phyllis have worked hard on it but there is an outstanding problem for 200718 income for the Children’s Centre. I calculate the school is still owed over £211,000 for day nursery and Sure Start grant for last year. Apparently Lynn Singleton from Community Children Services been into school and claims there are no outstanding monies to be paid. This I know is not the case. Also there has been, as far as I can see, no indication of the level of the day nursery grant for 2008109 so planning for the centre budget is impossible.
What annoys me most about this is CC funding has been difficult from the start the original budget was Inaccurate, late payment of grants so the school ended up subsidising the CC, some negative costs have taken years to sort.
Please can you help to resolve this. I am happy to meet to help sort it out…”
19. On 15 May 2008 Cathy Twist replied to the Claimant, page 291:
“…Please do not worry about the budget – we are on the case and sorting out CC – day nursery issues. If there are any problems I will e-mail you and let you know the situation. Everyone is working well together and John and Liz have been a great support to the school. I hope the treatment remains bearable – all good wishes and take care…”
20. It was the Respondent’s case that prior to his illness the Claimant had failed to manage the budget and to provide the school governors with the correct financial information relating to both the school and to the Children’s Centre. The Claimant’s sick leave had coincided with the end of the school’s financial year and accordingly there was a need to close the 2007/8 year end accounts and set a budget for 2008/9. The Tribunal found that in December 2007 the Claimant had initialled an income and expenditure forecast, pages 4838 – 4839 which revealed a deficit of £141,684.75. The Claimant appeared to be factoring in capital assets in order to explain that the size of deficit was not as great as presented in the relevant financial documents before the Tribunal. However during his absence the Claimant had alerted the Respondent to his concerns about the budget as evidenced in the exchange of emails and had been reassured by Cathy Twist’s email to him of 15 May 2008 quoted above.
21. It was the Claimant’s case that problems relating to the availability of finding funds for the Children’s Centre and long running problems such as arrears on rates had distorted the financial position. We consider that the Claimant must have had some awareness that prior to his illness, the school was effectively insolvent. However the Claimant was clearly concerned about the school’s financial situation while he was at home recovering from his operation and subsequent treatment as reflected in his e-mails which were generated over such period.
22. On 10 June 2008 the Claimant made a visit to the school. Prior to his visit the Claimant had raised a number of issues with Penny Bermingham and John Parr over the telephone, namely about the position of a dance movement therapist, Sue Curtis at the school. The Claimant had also been made aware of difficulties in the relationship between Penny Bermingham and the other two Deputy Head Teachers.
23. The Claimant remained concerned about the budget issues and was informed by the school’s Finance Officer that the issues with the budget remained unresolved. The Claimant spoke to Liz Tenant who was at the school at the time to talk to her about the budget situation.
24. There was an unsigned written account by Liz Tenant, pages 305 – 306 of her meeting with the Claimant on 10 June 2008 which portrayed the Claimant as being aggressive, intimidating and unprofessional Liz Tenant did not give evidence before the Tribunal and accordingly was not cross examined by the Claimant, who did not accept Liz Tenant’s account of the encounter between them on 10 June 2008.
25. It was clear that the Claimant’s visit to the school on 10 June 2008 had not been welcomed by those responsible for running the school in the Claimant’s absence. Penny Bermingham felt undermined by the Claimant who had telephoned her on 8 June 2008 about issues involving the dance therapist teacher.
26. The Tribunal approached Penny Bermingham’s evidence with caution. Penny Bermingham complained that the Claimant had been aggressive to her during the course of the telephone conversation of 8 June 2008 and she made subsequent allegations about the Claimant’s aggressive conduct towards her. Penny Bermingham alleged that on a number of occasions she had become tressed and cried uncontrollably: following what she alleged had amounted to the Claimant’s aggressive and unacceptable behaviour towards her. The Tribunal did not find Penny Bermingham a credible witness and we noted that during his absence from the school the Claimant himself had raised concerns about lack of support which he perceived had not been made available to Penny Bermingham.
27. The Tribunal found that the Claimant was not prepared to take a back seat during his recovery process and that there were occasions when his interventions in relation to the running of the school were unwelcome. However the Claimant himself did appear to have some insight into the way in which his interventions could be perceived by those actively involved with the school as evidenced in an e-mail he sent to Penny Bermingham on 11 June 2008, page 301:
“…I felt the need to write to you following our conversation yesterday. I wanted to say throughout my absence from school I have been very confident that the three of you were going to do an excellent job in running the school. Although I am not up to speed on everything that has been happening I know you have worked very hard, rigorously addressing and resolving important developmental issues for the school. I want to record my thanks to you for taking on and rising to this challenge.
I am sorry if you felt my intervention regarding the budget were undermining. I can only say that my motivation was not to be critical but to resolve the issues.
In relation to key issues relating to strategic direction of the school and significant changes to the employment of staff, I think in the current circumstances, it is good management practice and would have been courteous to have consulted me before any action was taken. I know that you have expressed a different view on this, but apart from the fact on my return, I would only have to deal with the practical consequences of any decision taken, I also feel this course of action could have a damaging impact on the relationship of trust which needs to exist between us.
I have discussed my concerned with Cathy and she has assured me that the budget will be set accurately and the other concerns I have raised will be taken into account. I know that we both want to do what is in the best interests of the school and the children and I am keen that we move forward on that basis. As my absence from school started in a rather abrupt way I would like us to plan a proper briefing process in relation to my return. As I finish my treatment next week I should, hopefully, be feeling fairly normal by the last two weeks of term so what might be a good idea is if the three of you came round hear, either individually or collectively to do the briefing? – I will provide the strawberries and cream…”
28. Penny Bermingham did not reply to the Claimant’s e-mail or take up the offer of engaging with the Claimant at the proposed meeting.
29. There was no hint of any problems with the Claimant’s conduct at the school on 10 June 2008 in an e-mail to the Claimant from Cathy Twist dated the same day at 11.53 am:
“…It’s good to see you too. As you know I was concerned whilst the school in the LA appreciate your support in school matters whilst you are on sick leave, we do have a duty of care to you and your health. Your main focus needs to be for you to receive treatment, you need to rest and get better. As you are aware excellent interim arrangements have been put into place to cover your absence and these staff are receiving full support from the LA and dealing with matters – so please rest assured that the school is in good hands.
As you have a medical certificate, you are medically certificated to refrain from work. The school/LA could be liable knowing that you are not well and allowing you as an employee be on site. For these reasons you should not be on site as an employee and you should not be contacted on school matters during your sickness absence as this could be deemed as negligent in our duty of care to you.
I understand your concerns about the GMT and changes that might affect the strategic direction of the school. Please be assured that I will ensure your concerns about these matters are addressed.
The acting Head Teacher and two acting deputies are doing a good job in your absence and they have been well supported by Ros Scherler, Liz Tennant and John Parr.
Please don’t feel anxious about the school – take this opportunity to rest properly and get well…”
30. The Claimant met Claire Cobbold, Head of Human Resources I and Mrs Marite, Chair of the Governing Body, at his home on 14 July 2008 about his return to work. Following the meeting there was a referral to Occupational Health.
31. On 18 July 2008 there was a handover meeting between the Claimant, the interim team, including Penny Bermingham, John Parr, Liz Tennant, Cathy Twist and Marite Streiger, Chair of the school’s governors. On 21 July 2008 the Claimant met the assistant heads including Penny Bermingham. On the same day 21 July 2008 the Claimant wrote an email to Penny Bermingham, which evidenced the concerns which the Claimant felt about his relationship with her, page 235:
“…As you know, I was keen to discuss with you our working relationship as you have not been in contact with me for over six weeks. Initially, during my absence, we had exchanged text and telephone calls at least once a week and then suddenly, without explanation these ceased. You have explained this was because you have been advised not to discuss work issues with me. Obviously what was upsetting for me was the unexplained removal of support from a senior colleague at one of the most stressful times in my treatment. The lack of any explanation response to my text and email was also discourteous. I feel this has had an effect on our relationship, which was evident in our meeting this morning.
I am keen to look to the future and do what needs to be done to ensure that school senior managers are a united team in the interest of the school. As you are unhappy with my suggestions to achieve this, I am happy to consider any suggestions from you as to how we can proceed to reach the same.
With regards to decisions and policy changes taken I think the best course of action is if you can summarise any such decisions in an email (e.g. first day procedures- personnel issues etc) and then, as you took advice from the LA team on these matters, if necessary, I will discuss them with them. I hope this addresses the concerns you raised with me this morning.
As part of your professional development I think it would be a valuable exercise for you to reflect upon the things you have learnt in your acting role. I would like to have a discussion with you about this during the autumn term.
Finally, I want to record my thanks for all the hard work you have put in over the last few months. You have shown commitment to both the school and the children…”
32. Penny Bermingham did not reply to the email. We found that by this stage, Penny Bermingham for her own reasons was not prepared to engage with the Claimant in any constructive way, an approach we considered to be both unprofessional and discourteous to the Claimant who remained at that stage the Head Teacher.
33. The Occupational Health report on the Claimant dated 14 August 2008 pages 341-342, stated that the Claimant was almost completely better and that he was fit for his own work. The report recommended a phased return to his duties, and also stated that the DDA applied to the Claimant’s situation of diagnosed cancer.
34. The Claimant returned to his role as Head Teacher on 1 September 2008, the start of the new term. On 5 September 2008 a team building “away day” took place at the Royal Commonwealth Club. Carol Ann White an external Management Consultant and Child Psychologist who had been involved with the school for a number of years since July 2007 when she was asked to run a half day session for a new leadership team which the Claimant had then appointed. It was proposed that Carol Ann White would run a session on 5 September 2008 with the management team to improve working relationships and general communication.
35. The Tribunal found that there was tension within the group during the away day session and that Penny Bermingham failed to participate in any constructive sense during the course of the day. Penny Bermingham was seen to be taking copious notes which Carol Ann White considered were distracting her from the purpose of the day and Carol Ann White pointed out to Penny Bermingham that her writing and the time taking for such was distracting her from any involvement in the meeting. Carol Ann White felt that Penny Bermingham had adopted an approach which evidenced a degree of hostility and non-engagement. We found Carol Ann White a credible witness and her account of Penny Bermingham’s conduct and non- engagement during the “away day” reinforced our conclusions that Penny Bermingham resented the Claimant and was unhappy about his return to the school.
36. The Claimant himself was concerned about Penny Bermingham’s conduct. We noted that in her confidential report of the session on 5 September 2008, pages 3274 -3275 Carol Ann White recorded the following:
“…The session was requested to consider how the senior leadership team working of the six months absence of the Head Teacher. Concerns were raised by the Head Teacher about communications, difficulties within the team and some staff members. The school effectiveness would be expressly affected until these issues were expressed…”
The Head Teacher proposed a one day session with the support of the Governing Body to look at these issues and development for the new school year. The session was held off-site (at Royal Commonwealth Club), Carol Ann White who has had previous contact with the school as the external advisor for the Head Teachers performance as well as a half day session with the newly appointed senior leadership team in July 2007.
37. On 9 September 2008 Nilesh Jethwa, head of school finance, emailed the Claimant at page 347, about the budget. The email included the following:
“…Thank you for first quarter accounts which I received yesterday. Unfortunately they indicated a very precarious position and I am concerned the school Is been in deficit in each of the three months April – June 2008. This combines with the brought forward deficit of £251,665 shows the current deficit standing at £338,682 at the end of June 2008. Our projections based on current trends indicate deficit may reach over £400,000 by March 2009.
Clearly this is unsustainable and I know in your absence Penny, Liz Tennant and John Parr were working towards an in-year balanced position for the school excluding the Children’s Centre. I am not sure if the plan is still on track…”
38. The Claimant himself remained concerned about the budget situation and attributed some of the problems to TOIL (a system of time off in lieu), which had been operated at the school. A day nursery grant for 2007/2008 of £121,000 had not been paid by the Respondent. The Claimant also asked for help from John Parr and Ros Scherler with Penny Bermingham.
39. The Claimant had been made aware by members of staff that Penny Bermingham’s relationships with teachers and support staff had deteriorated during his absence. The Claimant endeavoured to consider a constructive way forward rather than dwelling on the past, as evidenced in an email to Cathy Twist dated 4 September 2008, page 345 in which he pointed out that his main concern had been the nature of support for the school in his absence and the fact that by the end of term there had been a major problem with regard to the relationship between the three assistant heads. The Claimant’s email continued:
“…It clearly is not in the interests of the school to spend time on recriminations and I don’t want to do this. Life is too short As 1 am having to deal with the consequence (with external consultant support consultant) of what has happened in order to rebuild my leadership team I hope it is recognised that work also needs to be done to rebuild trust in relationships between the authority and myself.
As we agreed in the light of challenges to the school to raise standards, it would be a good time to have a different SIP input into the school to reinvigorate this process. You indicated that this would happen in the Spring term.
I also want to re-emphasise how important I think the development of a clear strategy for raising achievement for the community schools, which face the most challenging circumstances, is. This proposal is one of the outcome of the EAZ facilitated since last year and I still think it is relevant particularly if school can fall in and out of national projects on the basis of one year’s result.
I hope this helps to provide a clear way forward…”
40. On 18 September 2008 the Claimant emailed Nilesh Jethra proposing a meeting at the beginning of October 2008. In his email the Claimant stated the following:
“…I report on the school’s budget 07/08 that the wrong carry over was sued for 06/07. The in year deficit figures for 07/08 was £120,000 but the carry over was £63,000 rather than £8000. Although I am still doing some work on this the worst case would have a deficit of £57,000 which seems to have come from overspends on building work £20,000 and additional costs associated with a high level of maternity leave amongst teachers and support staff.
Having now looked at the current year I think we should have a surplus of £35,000 + by the year end. Of more concern to myself is the viability of the CC. (Children’s Centre)…”
41. At the proposed meeting it was agreed that deficit reported of £251,000 was correct. The Claimant stated that an additional £140,000 would be provided, although Nilesh Jethwa was only aware of £131,000.
42. On 17 October 2008 a meeting took place involving the Claimant, Mrs Marite Stragier, the Chair of Governors, Cathy Twist, and Ms Dunipace, the Respondent’s director for Children’s and Young People. Issues of schools performance and foundation stage KS I and 2 were discussed. It was agreed that a full local authority review of teaching and learning would take place, page 369.
43. The local authority review took place on 5 & 6 November 2008 and its report pages 381-387 was sent to the Claimant on 14 November 2008. The conclusion of the report was that the school was failing to provide its pupils with an acceptable standard of education.
44. The Claimant was very unhappy about the report, because he considered that the local authority review would be a helpful process and the report’s conclusions were largely negative about the school.
45. It was proposed that the report should be presented in draft form to the senior management team on 12 November 2008 but the majority of teaching staff were present at the feed-back meeting. The Tribunal accepted, the evidence of Ros Scherler’, the school’s SIP, that the Claimant was very angry about the report and that he raised his voice and complained that the local authority had treated him badly during his sickness absence. The Claimant blamed the local authority for mis-managing the school whilst he was absent. The Claimant later calmed down and accepted that the key issues raised in the review were ones which the school needed to address.
46. It was the Claimant’s case that the school had been provided with insufficient support by the local authority during his absence and the staff had been concerned about the way in which the school had been managed during his absence. The Claimant also felt that the Respondent had failed to show any adequate concern about his well-being. It was clear that a number of members of staff felt demoralised by the review. The Claimant’s observations about the review are at pages 378-379.
47. On 18 November 2008 the Claimant was informed by the school’s office that Penny Bermingham was sick and going home. The Claimant went to see her with Phyllis Dunipace. Penny Bermingham was sorting out materials and files to take home with her and when asked how she was, Penny Bermingham said that she was ill and needed to go home. Penny Bermingham was in the process of downloading files from her desktop computer onto a memory stick and the Claimant offered to help her. The Claimant informed Phyllis Dunipace that she was going on a course on the following day.
48. The Tribunal noted that on the same day Penny Bermingham had telephoned John Parr and told him that the Claimant had taken away all the influence that she had, and that she was finding it hard to cope and she had cried four times on that day. Penny Bermingham showed no signs of distress when she was seen later that morning by both the Claimant and Phyllis Dunipace.
49. After ‘Penny Bermingham went home she failed to follow the usual procedure which involved calling the school office to report sickness absence and to contact the Head Teacher to sort out any duties, meetings or work that needed to be covered. Penny Bermingham did telephone the office but informed the office staff that she was attending a course on 19 November. She telephoned in sick on 20 November and said she was attending another course on 21 November 2008. The Claimant was concerned about Penny Bermingham’s absence and lack of communication with him, and on 23 November 2008 sent the following email to her.
“…Hope you’ve had a restful weekend and are feeling better. If you are not well enough to come in tomorrow please give me a call sometime during the day so we can have a chat…”
50. The Claimant sent a copy of his email to Penny Bermingham to Marite Straiger, the Chair of Governors. Penny Bermingham failed to reply to the Claimant’s email.
51. On 25 November 2008 the Claimant telephoned Human Resources to ask for advice and support in relation to Penny Bermingham’s conduct and her lack of communication with him or with the chair of Governors. The Claimant spoke to Mark Baron, senior schools HR officer and according to an email which Mark Baron later sent, the Claimant had stated that Penny Bermingham’s relationship with one of the other assistant Head Teachers seemed to be breaking down and suggested bringing in a consultant the school had previously used to facilitate a leadership session to help resolve the problem, page 416.
52. On the same day 25 November 2008 Penny Bermingham wrote to Cathy Twist, page 402, in which she alleged that since the Claimant’s return a positive working relationship with the Claimant which she had previously enjoyed had deteriorated and that she had been subjected to on-going unacceptable, unreasonable and aggressive behaviour from the Claimant. She alleged that she was fearful and intimidated by him, her health and well-being had been affected with symptoms such as hair loss, lack of sleep, shaking, crying and headaches. The Claimant enclosed notes which contained allegations about what she described as the Claimant’s unacceptable behaviour.
53. The notes, pages 403-411 provided accounts of alleged incidents and communications involving her and the Claimant on 8 June 2008, 11 June 2008, 1 July 2008, 21 July 2008, 1 September 2008, 2 September 2008, 5 September 2008, 18 September 2008, 26 September 2008, 10 October 2008, 13 October 2008, 14 October 2008, 15 October 2008, 24 October 2008, 17 November 2008 and 18 November 2008. A number of the incidents recorded were contained in correspondence and included cut and pasted entries from email which had passed between her and the Claimant.
54. On a number of occasions Penny Bermingham alleged that she had….cried uncontrollably, and in relation to an incident on 13 October 2008, Penny Bermingham described the Claimant’s behaviour as the following:
“…He was absolutely furious. He was ashen with his temper and shaking. He sat with his fist clenched. He shouted at me throughout the whole exchange. His level of aggression was so great that I was frightened and thought he actually might hit me…”
55. The Tribunal did not find Penny Bermingham a credible witness and we were unable to accept her accounts of the Claimant’s conduct towards her. There was a body of evidence before the Tribunal which showed that she had failed to engage in any constructive sense with the Claimant to the point of being unprofessional and discourteous, such as failing to respond to emails and two invitations from the Claimant, and her conduct at the away day meeting We found that she was resentful about the Claimant’s return to the school as Head Teacher, and the impact of such return on her. previous acting position We found that the Claimant had been genuine in his endeavours to reach a constructive working relationship with Penny Bermingham after his return and had expressed his concerns about her conduct as evidenced by his telephone call to Human Resources on 25 November 2008 We found the Claimant a credible witness and we accepted his evidence that he had not been aggressive to Penny Berrningham in the respects alleged by her or at all.
56. Credibility was a very significant issue at the Tribunal hearing and a number of witnesses described Penny Bermingham as herself behaving in a similar, manner to that of the Claimant as alleged by her Thus by way of example Jo Redgate a teacher at the school in her witness statement stated the following:
“…However whilst acting Head Teacher Penny subjected myself and many others to that treatment. I witnessed Penny to be cruel during James’ absence, humiliating staff and attempting to make them feel insignificant and worthless In particular, I witnessed Penny bullied Jenny Fraser, Virginia Harrop, Stephen Darrard and Yesmin Amin.
I consider myself to be a confident and bubbly person but for a while Penny emotionally destroyed me…”
57. Jo Redgate, whose evidence we accepted, also described Penny Bermingham pulling faces when she talked about the Claimant. We also heard from Jennifer Page, who was a support teacher at the school until July 2009. Jennifer Page in her evidence to the Tribunal described Penny Bermingham as not being supporting on the Claimant’s return to the school and that she repeatedly tried to undermine him. Penny Bermingham was also observed rolling her eyes when the Claimant was talking. Apart from John Parr’s account of a telephone conversation with Penny Bermingham on 25 May 2008 in an email to Kathy Twist, there was no independent evidence before the Tribunal which supported Penny Bermingham’s account that she was as distressed as she maintained or that she had been crying, as she alleged, as a result of the Claimant’s behaviour towards her. When asked by the Tribunal at the hearing whether anybody had seen her distressed or crying, Penny Bermingham was unable to elaborate.
58. Cathy Twist referred Penny Bermingham’s letter about the Claimant’s conduct to Clair Cobbold, head of schools Human Resources. The letter was also referred to the Executive Director, CYPS who invited the chair of Governors to see the letter. According to Kathy Twist’s evidence she was conscious that Penny Bermingham complaints about the Claimant’s behaviour had been corroborated in other communications which had been received in relation to the Claimant’s behaviour from Liz Tenant and from John Parr. A decision was taken to suspend the Claimant pending an investigation.
59. Marite Stragier the chair of Governors received a telephone call from Clair Cobbold who told her to come into the Respondent’s offices the following day on 28 November 2008 because a complaint had been made against the Claimant. Marite Stragier was provided with Penny Berrningham’s statement and both Cathy Twist and Clair Cobbold told Marite that the two invitations which the Claimant had made were inappropriate. Marite Stragier was informed it was necessary to suspend the Claimant.
60. We found that veiled threats were made to Marite Stragier, namely that she was told to consider her own position, when she proposed other measures such as mediation rather than suspension of the Claimant. The Tribunal was also concerned by the fact that a letter suspending the Claimant had already been typed before the meeting to consider the position and Marite Stragier was told to sign the letter. We accepted Marite Stragier’s evidence that she felt that she had been put under a great pressure to sign the suspension letter.
61. The Claimant was attending an informal staff get together when Marite Stragier and Clare Cobbold arrived at the school. The Claimant was asked to speak to them and he was told he was being suspended because someone had accused him of bullying.
62. The Claimant was provided with no detail of the allegations. The suspension letter dated 28 November 2008, at pages 414-415 bulleted the following matters:
• Harassment, bullying and victimisation of employees
• Unacceptable, aggressive behaviour
• Unprofessional conduct
• Causing distress to members of staff through inappropriate management style
• Inconsistency in the treatment of staff.
63. The letter did not identify Penny Bermingham but referred to employees and staff in the plural. The letter also informed the Claimant of the following:
“…You must not make contact with any work colleagues or staff/members of the council, Governors, pupils or parents at Henry Fawcett Primary School and Children Centre only matters or matters in connection with your suspension or the investigation. If you need to make contact, for whatever reason, with your work colleagues, or any other employee, you must in the first instance telephone Clair Cobbold Head of Schools Human Resources to obtain permission. However, you may contact the employee if she or he is your recognised trade unionist representative or work colleague who will be accompanying you at any subsequent hearing or managerial meeting. You must make your own arrangements for, and advise management immediately of, your decision on whom you wish to support you at any future hearings or meeting.
You must not enter Henry Fawcett School and Children Centre or enter any Lambeth Council office or education/college buildings unless instructed by management to do so. If you are a resident or service user of the Borough of Lambeth and are in receipt of council services, such as housing, social care, education, or wish to use council facilities such libraries, parks, leisure facilities, please notify Claire Cobbold immediately so that she is aware that you need to have access to these premise..”
64. The Tribunal found the letter prepared by Clair Cobbold and signed by Marite Stragier, wholly draconian in its restrictions of the Claimant’s activities. We were driven to the conclusion that the Claimant’s suspension was far from representing a neutral act and was used by the Respondent as a device to remove the Claimant from the school against the background of the local authority’s concerns about the school The Tribunal noted that Phyllis Dunipace, the executive director at a subsequent investigation hearing on 1 May 2009 when it was put to her that it was a rare thing to suspend a Head Teacher, replied, page 4962.
Obviously the main concern was related to the Head Teacher’s behaviour which was taken into account but I also had to take into account the schools improvement. We had a termly voluntary meeting in which we would look at long term reports of advisers in terms of what was going on in records. We would also examine Ofsted report, financial information, audit reports, whether the school was in deficit.
65. The Tribunal sitting as an industrial jury, was troubled by the hostility and lack of any measured approach by the Respondent in its treatment of the Claimant. The Claimant had been suspended following Penny Bermingham’s allegations, and we did not consider that there was any justifiable reason why an investigation could not have followed as soon as reasonably possible, if it had been the case that the Penny Bermingham allegations had been the sole reason for his suspension. Although Penny Bermingham had reported ill, she had been attending courses and we heard no evidence that she could not be contacted, particularly in circumstances when she was actively seeking a position in an alternative school. The Claimant was at home and any potential witness was available at the school.
66. On behalf of the Respondent, Ms Fraser-Butlin submitted that the delay merely represented the sort of delay which was inherent in the way in which local authorities acted, an explanation which the Tribunal rejected. Further it was the Respondent’s case that there was delay because of the need to find the appropriate investigator of sufficient seniority and experience. The Tribunal found the Respondent’s explanation unacceptable in circumstances of a suspension of a Head Teacher who had been informed that he could not use the Respondent’s libraries, parks, leisure facilities without notifying Claire Cobbold immediately.
67. The Respondent’s Chief Executive, Christopher Ashton, was responsible for appointing the investigating officer, Mr Barry Gilhooly, to investigate the allegations against the Claimant, to act as deputy Executive Director. The appointment of Mr Gilhooly and the investigation process was not covered in Mr Ashton’s witness statement and there was no documentation in the Tribunal as to how the appointment was made. In his oral evidence Mr Ashton stated that he needed to find an investigator of sufficient seniority and experience. However Mr Gilhooly was not available to investigate until mid-January 2009 because he was on extended leave over the Christmas period and did not return to work until 19 January 2009.
68. In his evidence to the Tribunal Christopher Ashton stated that he was aware that Mr Gilhooly would be on leave until mid-January 2009, but appeared to have no concerns about the delay and the effect on the Claimant apart from saying to the Tribunal that Mr Gilhooly’s seniority meant that a “short delay” outweighed the extra time the appointment of Mr Gilhooly would cause to the investigatory process.
69. The Tribunal found that the Respondent was unconcerned about the delay and the effect of such delay on the Claimant and that the Respondent had prioritised maintaining the Claimant’s absence from the school over any requirement to investigate the Penny Bermingham’s allegations as quickly as possible. We did not consider that the allegations were complicated, and we found that there was no justification for any delay on the part of the Respondent in carrying out an investigation into such allegations. We were unable to accept that Mr Gilhooly was the only individual able to conduct such an investigation.
70. The Claimant himself was not provided with any details of the allegations until nearly a month later when he received a letter dated 19 December 2008, on Christmas Eve, pages 436-437. The letter included the following:
“…I apologise for the delay in providing you with an update on implementation and progress of the investigation. The delay was due to the necessity to meet with the chair of Governors or deputy chair of Governors on a number of occasions to agree the most appropriate way to expedite matters. You will be aware that there are a number of Governors on the Governing body of Henry Fawcett School and Children Centre eligible to be involved in this process is limited. The Governing body have therefore requested local authority undertake the investigation of these matters and it is then anticipated dependant on the outcome of the investigation that there will be sufficient governors who are impartial who will be in a position to hear any potential case and any subsequent appeal.
In accordance with the disciplinary procedure (copy of which was provided to you with your suspension letter), the investigating officers will be Barry Gilhooly, assistant director, Inclusion and Mary White, Human Resources Consultant. They will be contacting you early in the New Year to arrange dates for the investigation meeting…”
71. The Tribunal considered that Clair Cobbold’s letter was wholly disingenuous. The Tribunal was unable to understand the explanation for the delay, namely that it was due to the necessity to meet with the chair of Governors or deputy chair of Governors on a number of occasions to agree the most appropriate way to expedite matters. The only way to expedite matters was, the Tribunal considered to progress the investigation as quickly as possible. The reference to contacting the Claimant early in the New Year, in circumstances where Mr Gilhooly was on extended leave until 19 January 2009, was again, we considered, disingenuous.
72. The Claimant clearly enjoyed a great deal of support from members of staff at the school. On 23 December 2008, Claire Cobbold emailed the Respondent’s legal team to inform them that she had received a petition from staff and letters of support for the Claimant. On 23 December 2008 the Chief internal auditor, Mohamed Khan wrote the following email to Phyllis Dunipace, page 444 stating the following:
“…We received a whistle blowing call from two teachers at Henry Fawcett Primary School regarding the suspension of the Head Teacher following allegations of bullying and gross misconduct against one of the assistant Head Teachers, Penny Bermingham. I met with the two teachers today and they have said that they and some of the other teachers feel the full investigation is not taking place and are willing to provide some information, in support of the Head Teacher, but I have not been contacted by anyone. They are claiming that:
• They knew PB (Penny Bermingham) quite well and hold the view that she is fabricating her claims.
• PB objected when she was overlooked for the acting HT job at the time of the HT’s sickness absence.
• PB made representation to CYPS and was given the acting Head Teacher’s job.
• CYPS met with one of the Governors where it was decided to take action against the HT.
• Whilst the HT was away sick, the school was reviewed by CYPS. The review commended PB although the school was under performing.
• The HT leading the review is now the acting HT.
I have not looked into the veracity of their claims but can sense they need some assurance that the claims against the Head Teacher can be supported and the process being applied is a fair one. I’d be grateful for your views…”
73. The Tribunal considered that by the date of Mohamed Khan’s email, namely 23 December 2008 there was information available to the Respondent to suggest that Penny Bermingham’s allegations might not have been well-founded. The Tribunal considered that notwithstanding the absence of any active progress in the investigation before such date Mohamed Khan’s email ought to have alerted the Respondent about the necessity to progress the allegations as quickly as possible However even making allowances for the Christmas period the Tribunal found that the Respondent made no endeavours to take the matter further and it was not until 8 January 2009 that the Claimant was provided with any particulars of the allegations against him.
74. In a letter dated 8 January 2009 Mary White, Human Resources Consultant wrote to the Claimant, pages 462-463 informing the Claimant that both she and Barry Gilhooly would be the investigating officers and the Claimant was requested to attend a disciplinary investigation meeting on 29 January 20% more than two months after the Claimant’s suspension. The letter continued:
“…The disciplinary investigation is being held following:
(i) allegations made by Penny Bermingham, assistant Head Teacher, Henry Fawcett Primary School dated 25 November 2008. A copy of these allegations are enclosed for your information. (ii) Allegations made in the body of a document dated 21 November 2008 received by John Parr, Head Teacher Ashmole Primary School, he states:
The chair of Governors rang me to talk about the issues with the budget. She was surprised about level spending the staffing cost of the school. She said that the behaviour that James Walker had exhibited towards Liz was not unusual, that if he was in a meeting and felt threatened or questioned he would become hostile and bullying, this character trait was borne out by descriptions from members of staff as well as from experience.
James rang me on two separate occasions outside of school hours during this period. He was incredibly angry on both occasions. Both instances concerned the budget: he was incredibly cross that we had suggested that services to school should be cut, (perhaps this is because the school did not have the money to pay for them). These services were delivered by non-contracted providers. James Walker was cross because these providers have mortgage to pay, that they were friends of his and that they were loyal to the school. He was reminded that he needed to deliver a balanced budget and his staffing costs were incredibly high (92%): he felt that he would prefer to let teaching assistants go (who were contracted,) rather than a dance therapist (you seem to deliver the lion share of support for children with behaviour issues)…”
75. The contents of Mary White’s letter which included allegations about the school budget, allegations entirely separate from the Penny Bermingham’s allegations, again reinforced the Tribunal’s conclusions that the Claimant’s suspension had been for reasons other than the Penny Bermingham’s allegation. John Parr himself was very upset that his observations about the Claimant had been used as allegations against the Claimant by the Respondent. In a letter to Mary White and Barry Gilhooly dated 20 January 2009, pages 471-474 John Parr concluded his letter with the following:
“…Finally, I feel that things have been managed badly over the past few weeks by HR – surely an allegation should be made by an individual and not on someone else’s behalf? I have not agreed at any point to making an allegation about James. I was not sent a copy of the “allegation” letter that was dated 15 January until 19 January after it had been sent out to James and was informed that this could not be recalled. This I feel has compromised by position yet again and may call into question my integrity as a head and a chair of heads council. I am incredibly unhappy about the way the situation has been handled and would like this noted.
This current situation seems to have taken precedent over what needs to be investigated: whether the leadership at Henry Fawcett is adequate and appropriate and whether it can help the school provide its pupils with the education and life skills they deserve…”
76. In a letter to the Claimant dated 7 January 2009 Claire Cobbold stated that she had reviewed the terms of the Claimant’s suspension in relation to his movement around the Borough. The letter informed the Claimant that he was able to move around the Borough and go about his day-to-day business apart from attending the work place, but that he must not approach work colleagues or other potential witnesses in relation to subject matter of the investigation. The Tribunal noted that there was no apology or any acceptance on the part of Clair Cobbold in her letter that the restrictions on the Claimant about using public libraries and parks etc without informing Claire Cobbold immediately, had been on any view wholly inappropriate and probably unlawful The Tribunal found that throughout the whole process the Respondent appeared to have adopted an approach towards the Claimant which bordered callousness.
77. It was not until 29 January 2009 that Penny Bermingham was interviewed, pages 2950-2957 The record of the interview did not reflect an approach on the part of Barry Gilhooly which in any way tested Penny Bermingham’s account and he directed very few questions to Penny Bermingham.
78. For reasons which were wholly unexplained at the Tribunal hearing none of the teachers at the school were investigated who might have thrown some Light upon the allegations, such as the assistant Head Teachers who had been closely involved with Penny Bermingham during the relevant period, namely Emma Bilsden and Yasmin Ahmed.
79. On 4 February 2009 Matt Britt, the school’s SIP (from November 2008) and interim Head Teacher, and Marite Stragier were interviewed .We were surprised that Matt Britt was interviewed so early in circumstances where Penny Bermingham herself had never made any allegation that he had witnessed any of the matters which founded Penny Bermingham’s allegations against the Claimant.
80. Mary White who interviewed Matt Britt appeared to accept the validity of the allegations asked Britt if he himself had felt personally threatened. Matt Britt, who throughout the entire process exhibited a degree of bias hostility towards the Claimant, we considered immoderate, replied his behaviour was abhorrent I did not feel threatened by James but his manner and way of presenting was erratic.
81. Mary White failed to ask any direct questions about the Penny Bermingham’s allegations but allowed Matthew Britt scope to vent damaging and potentially prejudicial allegations against the Claimant.
82. The Tribunal noted that there was no reference to or any understanding by the Respondent of the Claimant’s very serious illness operation and subsequent chemotherapy during the course of the previous year. It appeared to the Tribunal that the investigation process amounted to a fishing exercise which was focussed on obtaining the most damaging information about the Claimant, whether such, information was justified or not. The Respondent knew or ought to have known that the Claimant himself had voiced concerns about his relationship with Penny Bermingham, a whistle blowing email had been raised about Penny Bermingham’s possible motives before Christmas 2008, and yet the investigation proceeded on the basis, as we found, that the allegations against the Claimant were wholly valid.
83. During the course of her interview with Barry Gilhooly, Marite Stragier, was only asked about the Claimant’s relationship and behaviour with her. We note that Marite Stragier concluded her interview with the following:
“…Suspension was a huge step to take because it was someone words against another. At the meeting (Cathy Twist and Clair Cobbold), I was told that suspension was the only way to deal with that matter to ensure both parties would be protected. It should be seen as a neutral act. James looked at me as if I had betrayed him and I felt that way.
This investigation is taking too long! I feel that I was bullied by local authority to quit as chair (she had a telephone conversation with Cathy Twist). Local authority has no right to ask any Governors to step down. A meeting was held with the Governing body where I was asked if I should step down but nobody wanted me to do so…”
84. In February 2009 a report was produced on the school by Mr Tom Walker, pages 1720-1748. According to the evidence of Christopher Ashton, Phyllis Dunipace had commissioned the report but although Phyllis Dunipace on the evidence had close involvement with the matters involving the Claimant she was not called to give evidence before the Tribunal. Tom Walker’s report recommended the following actions.
1) Aim for a compromise agreement with the Head Teacher. If a compromise agreement is not possible,
2) send report to the Governing body requesting consideration of taking action against Head Teacher on grounds of capability or misconduct.
If the Governing body are unwilling to act against the Head Teacher, the local should reserve the right to replace the Governing body with an Interim Executive Body (I.E.B), or to withdraw delegated budget from Governing body. It is, however, not possible for local authority to currently appoint an LE.B and withdraw delegation of the budget.
85. The Tribunal noted that the maker of the report, Mr Tom Walker, had not approached the Claimant about any of the issues raised in the report, notwithstanding the fact that the Claimant had been the Head Teacher at the school for the previous nine years.
86. Tom Walker’s report was adopted by the senior leadership team as the rationale for issuing a section 60 notice under section 60 of the Education and Inspection’s Act 2006 which was a notice issued to the Governing body.
87. Christopher Ashton spoke to the Claimant’s Union Representative, Etain Kilbaine and offered the Claimant a year’s pay, early retirement and a reference which the Claimant described as bland. We found that the proposal to the Claimant was that if it was not accepted by him, the Respondent local authority would then institute a section 60 notice against the Schools Governing body. The Claimant was given 48 hours to make a decision.
88. In an email from Christopher to Etain Kilbaine dated 25 February 2009 Christopher Ashton stated the following.
“…Monday 23 February the LA will take the action that is necessary to ensure that rapid improvement is made at the school tomorrow. Therefore the opportunity for James to explore mutually agreed termination with LA effectively runs out tomorrow as the concerns that the LA has about the school will be formally drawn to the attention of the Governors by way of a warning notice issued under section 60(2) of the Education and Inspections Act. As you know this notice has to be copied to Ofsted and the SIP. Therefore once this notice is issued it can no longer be treated as a confidential matter and is likely to impact on any possible future settlement between James and the LA.
Additionally a report will be written to the Chair of Governors under the provisions of sections 35 and 36 of the Education Act 2002 and Regulation 5 of the School Staff (England) Regulations 2003 setting out the LA’s concerns about the performance of James as Head Teacher, asking the chair to explain to the LA as to what action she will take to address the performance and shortcomings that had been identified by the LA. This is likely to lead to a further disciplinary investigation.
I look forward to a reply today…”
89. On 26 February 2009 in a letter to Marite Stragier the Chair of the Governing body, Phyllis Dunipace, issued a section 60 notice. On the same date a Regulation 5 notice under the School Staff (England) Regulations 2003 was issued by Phyllis Dunipace to Marite Stragier, pages 526-529. The Regulation 5 notice was highly critical of the Claimant and included the following observation by Phyllis Dunipace:
“…The Head Teacher is currently suspended from the school following an allegation which if are founded could constitute gross misconduct and could lead to his dismissal. We have considerable evidence that the Head Teacher is systematically breaking the conditions of his suspension. We also have evidence that during the period of his absence on sick leave, the actions taken by the acting Head Teacher were undermined by the presence of the Head Teacher and the communication between the Head Teacher and the Governing body, although it is not my intention to address this matter here…”
90. In the absence of Phyllis Dunipace at the hearing the Tribunal was not provided with an explanation of what Phyllis Dunipace meant by her reference to the Claimant’s systematically breaking the conditions of his suspension, apart from Christopher Ashton in answer to a question from the Tribunal saying in very general terms that the Claimant had contacted teachers at the school. The Tribunal was again struck by the level of the Respondent’s hostility towards the Claimant, its employee, at a time when he was on suspension against the background of his very serious illness and the fact that at that stage had not been interviewed, nor had been approached or asked about any of the concerns raised in both the section 60 notice and the Regulation 5 letter.
91. On 27 February 2009 the Claimant wrote to Marite Stragier, page 532 stating that he wished to institute a grievance under the Schools Grievance Procedure and under the Disability Discrimination Act. The Claimant stated he had been subject to harassment, victimisation and bullying, acts of discrimination under the DDA, acts which were seriously in breach of the local authority staff code, policies and procedures and breaches of the local authority’s duty of care to him as an employee. The Claimant prepared a statement of grievance, pages 582-599. The Claimant raised issues relating to his illness, his treatment in relation to his suspension and a failure to use positive and timely management action to resolve the conflict within the leadership team.
92. In March 2009 there were communications between the Claimant, Phyllis Dunipace and Marite Streiger to try to work out a procedure to investigate the claims and grievances. The Claimant was not happy about the chair of Governors and Phyllis Dunipace being involved in any investigation process regarding his grievances and circumstances where they had been identified by the Claimant in his grievances, and accordingly he submitted his grievance to the Chief Executive of the Respondent, Derrick Anderson.
93. On 1 April 2009 Derrick Anderson wrote the following to the Claimant, on page 619:
“…I acknowledge that you’ve registered a grievance against Phyllis Dunipace the Chief Executive Director for Children and Young Persons Service and that other CYPS officers. I therefore appointed Mike Suarez, Executive Director of Finance and Resources to investigate your grievance. Please be aware that Mr Suarez will be on leave until after the Easter break. He will make contact with you upon his return to discuss the contents of your letter and enclosures.
With regard to the grievance that you have raised against the chair of Governors of Henry Fawcett School, this is a matter for the Governing body to investigate. Grievances against chair of Governors need to be lodged with the clerk of the Governing body not with the local authority. As I understand the clerk is on leave for a number of weeks, you may wish to send your letter to him care of myself and I will ensure that in the clerks’ absence Governors services will take the appropriate action to ensure that this matter is dealt with by the Governing body as soon as possible.
You refer in your letter to the investigation that is underway into grievances raised by Penny Bermingham. This is an investigation initiated by the Governing body of the school and you should raise this question with the Governing body in your letter to the clerk of Governors…”
94. On 1 April 2009 the Claimant had raised an additional set of grievances against Phyllis Dunipace, namely that on 24 March 2009 she had given formal notice that she was going to implement section 60 Notice against the school. The further grievances involved the following, continuation of direct harassment and bullying by Phyllis Dunipace, taking action to implement section 60 Notice, a failure by Phyllis Dunipace to allow him as the school Head Teacher to contribute in any way to section 60 process and a continuing failure by Phyllis Dunipace to ensure that statements made about the school in section 60 Notice were accurate and had taken account of all factors. The Claimant alleged there had been a specific failure to refer to his illness and the fact that the DDA applied to him.
95. On 9 April 2009 the Claimant wrote to Mr Derrick Anderson the Respondent’s Chief Executive regarding confusion about the primacy of the investigations, namely whether the allegations in respect of which the Claimant was suspended or the Claimant’s own allegations should be considered first. In his letter, pages 644-645 the Claimant stated the following.
“…As stated previously I am willing and ready to respond to the allegations made by Penny Bermingham and I have now been waiting for over four months to have the opportunity to do that. My highlighting of issues surrounding the primacy of the grievances should not in any way be viewed as reticence on my part. A meeting to enable me to respond to the Penny Bermingham allegations has now been arranged for 23April 2009 and I have confirmed I will attend with my union representative on that date, unless I hear otherwise.
I am unsure as to how I can clarify my willingness to attend the meeting which has been schedule any more than I have done already. I do expect to attend the meeting but have simply asked that others consider the primacy of the grievances and take steps to avoid repeating some of the issues already highlighted in my grievances. Finally, it cannot be appropriate for me to be charged with the responsibility for making a decision on this issue on behalf of the Governors…”
96. On the same day the Claimant was informed by email, page 646, that the disciplinary investigation team would be suspending their investigations until the Claimant’s grievances had been investigated as a matter of urgency.
97. On 21 April 2009 Derrick Anderson wrote to the Claimant stating that he did not believe that the schools Grievance Procedure permitted the Claimant to complain about officers within the Council who were not in his line manager. Derrick Anderson stated that he had decided to treat the Claimant’s concerns about Ms Phyllis Dunipace as a complaint and that it would be investigated as such.
98. The consequence of the delay in progressing the Penny Bermingham investigation meant that the Claimant remained suspended. The Tribunal was again driven to the conclusion that notwithstanding the existence of the employment relationship between the Claimant and the Respondent, the Respondent was determined on continuing with a suspension which was designed to be short term, and which during the course of the hearing the Respondent’s witnesses repeatedly and unconvincingly described as a ‘neutral act’.
99. The Claimant had not been permitted to have access to his office since his suspension. The Claimant kept a significant number of documents in filing cabinets which covered a whole range of management matters. The Claimant requested access to his office and Carol Palmer, HR Advisor, agreed to allow the Claimant to visit, the school on 20 April 2009. On 16 April 2009 the Claimant sent Carol Palmer a letter providing her with a list of files he would like access to when he visited the School, page.654.
100. On his arrival at the school the Claimant was not allowed to enter his office. About a month before the Claimant’s visit, Matt Britt had reorganised the office without any reference to the Claimant. The Tribunal was concerned that the Claimant who was still Head Teacher, although suspended, had not been involved in any process regarding the reorganisation of his office and we could only conclude that the reorganisation had taken place because the Respondent had not anticipated that the Claimant would be returning to the school. Matt Britt was very critical of the state of the office describing a haphazard tiling system in his oral evidence to the Tribunal as ‘a disorganised filing system which looked like a dysfunctional filing system which reflected on everything we saw in the school.’
101. Matt Britt accepted that nine filing cabinets were cleared and that material was put into black bin bags and removed by John Marr, the school premises officer. It was Matt Britt’s evidence the number of papers removed had not involved anything which would have been required to have been stored for a set period of time.
102. We found Matt Britt an unreliable witness and we were unable to accept his evidence. We accepted the Claimant’s evidence that there were a number of documents which he required and which had been kept in his office. The Tribunal noted that notwithstanding the fact that the office had been cleared none of the Claimant’s own personal items such as family photographs, books and a candlestick had been returned to the Claimant. According to Matt Britt he had been advised by Carol Palmer that it was not appropriate to send materials directly to the Claimant at the time. It appeared to the Tribunal that the Claimant had effectively being placed in a state of total isolation from his workplace and that the Respondent, before the completion of even the investigation state of the disciplinary process, was failing to treat the Claimant as an individual, with whom it had an employment relationship.
103. We are confirmed in our conclusion by the evidence of Mr John Marr, the school’s Premises Officer, who challenged Matt Britt’s intention to clear the Claimant’s office, when he asked Matt Britt,
“…Are you sure you want this doing?…”
Matt Britt replied by saying, “…He won’t be back…”
104. The Tribunal was further concerned by John Marr’s account of Matt Britt asking him whether he had got on all right with the Claimant and that when Matt Britt had stated that the Claimant had not allowed him to take annual leave at the start of the school term one year, Matt Britt stated that the Claimant’s response sounded like bullying and that he thought he should make a formal complaint about such an incident. John Marr stated that he would not describe the matter as bullying.
105. In a later investigatory interview in September 2009 it was put to John Marr by the interviewers, Jason Preece and Mary White that he had been bullied by the Claimant.
106. Further evidence of Matt Britt’s hostility towards the Claimant occurred during the course of an investigatory interview with Matt Butt on 24 July 2009, page 4093, Matt Britt stated: “…No one had been able to stand up to James Walker, he was a horrible, psychological bully. John Marr had to go off sick and the chair of governors was virtually bullied…”
107. A little further on Matt Britt continued with the following:
“…There was an impact on the children’s education. They were educated in a filthy dump, unsafe environment and their lives were put at risk. James Walker was negligent in the highest possible way. He ignored health and safety, CRB requirements and regulations. It will take three to five years to put the school right…”
108. In his evidence which Matt Britt gave to the Tribunal in December 2010 he described the present success of the school and the school as having a safe and clean environment. The Tribunal considered that in the light of Matt Britt’s oral evidence that in December 2010 the school was providing a safe and clean environment, his observation that in July 2009, namely that it would take three to five years to put the school right, was clearly an exaggeration, which was intended to discredit the Claimant. We considered that Matt Britt was a witness whose hostility to the Claimant undermined his credibility as a witness of truth.
109. Following his visit to the school the Claimant wrote to Carol Palmer on 21 April 2009 setting out a list of missing documents he required. The Respondent’s witnesses provided no explanation as to why the Claimant as Head Teacher had not been allowed to visit his office although Matt Britt towards the end of his oral evidence did concede that with hindsight he should have involved the Claimant in the clearing process he had adopted.
110. Once the governors had received the ‘Regulation 5′ letter they asked for support from the Respondent to devise an action plan. However the governors’ replies and proposals to the matters raised in the section 60 notice were rejected by the Local Authority as being inadequate and the Respondent Local Authority requested that the Secretary of State allow an interim Executive Board to be set up. An Interim Executive Board of Governors was established (IEB) in May 2009. Pat Petch became chair of the IEB.
111. In about May or June 2009 Jason Preece was appointed to lead an investigation into a number of allegations against the Claimant under the Claimant’s disciplinary procedure. The IEB of the school had asked the Respondent Local Authority to undertake an investigation into a number of concerns relating to the conduct and performance of the Claimant in his role as Head Teacher.
112. It was not until 2 July 2009 that Pat Petch the chair of the IEB wrote to the Claimant informing him of the following: The interim Executive Board has a number of concerns arising out of the Executive Director’s letter of 26 February 2009. The Interim Executive Board has concerns about your management of Henry Fawcett Primary School and Children’s Centre including issues relating to:
• breaches of health and safety requirements;
• serious mismanagement and misrepresentation of the school’s financial position to the Governing Body and Local Authority;
• the implementation of a system that inadequately recorded and verified and resulted in unacceptable staff absences during the school day and unacceptable costs to the school.
IEB also has concerns about serious breaches in relation to Criminal Records checks for staff.
These matters all fall within the schools disciplinary Rules and Procedure adopted by the Interim Executive Board and the former Governing Body of Henry Fawcett Primary School and Children’s Centre.
As you are aware the ongoing investigations has been conducted into the allegations of bullying and harassment being undertaken by Mary White and Barry Gilhooly has been put on hold pending the conclusion of the investigation into your grievance against officers within the Local Authority.
Since these allegations, if proven, could constitute gross misconduct under the schools Disciplinary Procedure and Rules you will remain suspended from duty on your normal rate of pay whilst a thorough investigation takes place. I must emphasise that this is a precautionary suspension pending investigation into the matter. The suspension itself does not constitute disciplinary action and does not mean that your case has already been judged. Every effort will be made to complete the investigation as quickly as possible. If at any stage during or at the end of the investigation, where applicable, at any stage during the disciplinary process it is considered that the suspension should be lifted you shall be informed immediately. Following the completion of this investigation you shall be advised whether or not a disciplinary hearing will take place.
113. The allegations against the Claimant were very different in nature from an allegation of bullying and harassment against a member of staff at the school. The Tribunal did not consider that such allegations justified suspension having regard to the Respondent’s disciplinary rules.
114. Paragraph 5.1 of the Respondent’s Management Guidance – Disciplinary Procedure, page 2183, under the heading “suspension” provides:
Suspension of staff is based on the principle of the employee’s presence put own personal or others or the Council at risk, or to undermine the investigation. Charges of gross misconduct are based on the principal that the action is such as to warrant summary dismissal. In many cases of alleged gross misconduct it therefore may be prudent to suspend, but it is not essential.
The criteria in the first sentence is the important test.
115. The Tribunal did not consider that the presence of the Claimant could have undermined an investigation into CRB checks, health and safety matters and the allegations relating to the budget. The allegations were essentially allegations of the financial mismanagement and failures on the part of the Claimant to apply adequately or at all staff Codes of Conduct and serious negligence in the performance of duties.
116. On 8 May 2009 the Claimant was interviewed by Mike Suarez in relation to his grievance against Phyllis Dunipace. The Tribunal noted that in his investigatory meeting with Mike Suarez regarding his grievance against Phyllis Dunipace, the Claimant under the heading attendees was described as an ex-employee, page 729.
117. On 21 May 2009 the Claimant submitted further complaints to Mike Suarez pages 705 to 707, relating to delays in the process, a lack of even handedness and denial of access to his office. On 26 May 2009 the Claimant presented his first claim form to the Tribunal in which he made complaints of unlawful disability discrimination founded upon allegations of his treatment by the Respondent since he had been diagnosed with cancer.
118. When the Matt Britt took over the role of interim Head Teacher at Henry Fawcett School after the Claimant’s suspension, Matt Britt identified issues relating to health and safety requirements, CRB requirements and a system of TOIL which had been operated in the school. Also testing, electrical wiring testing and portable appliance testing had not been carried out. The sum of £25,000 was spent in putting testing into place and undertaking the necessary work.
119. There was a Premises Officer employed at the School, John Marr, and a Facilities Manager, Mike James. The Claimant had arranged for work to be done involving the resurfacing of the roof and replacing the school’s windows.
120. In view of our reservations about Mall Britt’s credibility as a witness we found it difficult to assess the significance or seriousness of the shortcomings or concerns identified by Matt Britt or whether any shortcomings uncovered were unique to Henry Fawcett School or whether other schools in Lambeth, had they been subjected to the same scrutiny, might have revealed matters of a similar nature.
121. In relation to the TOIL, the TOIL system operated in the school had involved members of staff working extra hours and having time off in lieu. A report was undertaken into the TOIL issue dated 16 March 2009, pages 337 – 338. The report under the heading “Principals of Toil” stated the following:
Time off in lieu – TOIL hours essentially overtime hours which employees may receive time off work instead of payment.
It is recognised there will be occasions when employees will work beyond normal hours. Although it is not generally Lambeth’s policy to operate TOIL it is up to the individual school/business units to organise this. TOIL needs to be operated within the contingency of the service and should not in any way impact on service delivery. It can be accumulated and should be taken subject to strict record keeping and must be agreed by Head Teachers/Line Managers.
122. The report identified that 419 hours had been accrued by support staff over a period of time from 2007 which equated to £6,300 costed at a flat rate, not overtime rates. There had been a trial system operated with the Claimant’s approval, and we accepted the Claimant’s evidence that Carol Palmer had sanctioned the trial system. In response to questions the Claimant gave in relation to the disciplinary investigation, the Claimant stated the following page 358:
“…Before establishing the trial system I contacted the school’s HR manager, Carol Palmer for advice on the merits of the proposal and for details of other schools offering TOIL. She was not aware of other schools offering the system, but she reassured me that she could see no reason why it should not be set up and she asked me to let her have the details once it was established. I have since discovered that a number of other Lambeth schools have a similar scheme in place. The scheme we set up by the support staff only proved to have a number of benefits…”
123. In relation to the CRB requirements the Claimant accepted that he was responsible for CRB checks ultimately. It was the Claimant’s case that there was a system in place for checking, which involved asking staff to put in CRB applications when they became due and the Claimant alleged that the system had been vetted by Ofsted.
124. It was the Claimant’s case that he had not been informed of any concerns relating to CRB checks when he returned to work and that concerns only became an issue when he had refused a compromise offer and had put in his grievance, the Claimant also maintained that it had been his intention to review procedures before going on sick leave C1/6.
125. An issue surfaced in relation to the Claimant’s appointment of a Ms Chukukere to the position of teacher at the school. In 1990 Ms Chukukere had been convicted of serious criminal offences including false imprisonment and possession of a firearm. Ms Chukukere was sentenced to two sentences of imprisonment which were suspended. Ms Chukukere had been invited to apply for a position at the school by the then Deputy Head Teacher, Mr Tom Hindley who was aware of her convictions.
126. There was a letter in the Tribunal bundle, page 4436A addressed to Ms Chukukere from a Mrs M Dewar of the Teachers Misconduct Team which stated that on the basis of her convictions the Secretary of State would not consider barring her from employment as a teacher. The Claimant had approved the appointment of Ms Chukukere and was fully aware of her background. The Claimant maintained that he had not obtained a CRB check before appointing Ms Chukukere but the regulations allowed this and there was a CRB in place. Ms Chukukere had worked in another Lambeth school as leader of that school’s play scheme. The governing body of that school had checked with Ofsted and Ofsted said this was appropriate.
127. The Tribunal considered that the Claimant had made a judgment call which was within his discretion to make as Head Teacher and that before approving the appointment of Ms Chukukere he had been fully aware of her background.
128. In relation to another teacher who had a previous conviction the Claimant maintained that he was not in charge of supervising children and that he had felt that there was a philosophy in Lambeth to give people a second chance.
129. In relation to health and safety matters the Claimant had appointed a Facilities Manager on a fixed term contract in 2007, Cl/6. In relation to fixed wiring test the Claimant maintained that he did not think that there were any fixed wiring tests and in reply to a question put to him in cross examination the Tribunal considered that there was some force to his reply namely that a large amount of money and a huge effort had been put in to identify things he could be accused of.
130. On 18 June 2009 the Claimant was informed by letter from Mike Suarez, pages 742-743 that his complaints against Phyllis Dunipace had not been upheld. On 24 June 2009 the Claimant wrote to Derrick Anson, the Respondent’s chief executive complaining about Mike Suarez’s investigation of his grievances and the quality of his investigation which had taken place. The Claimant also complained that his grievances had been treated as a complaint and referred to the fact that his union representative had stated to Mike Suarez on 8 May 2009 that his grievances needed to be viewed and investigated as grievances.
131. On 2 July 2009 the IEB wrote to the Claimant, page 3287 to 3289 informing him that it had serious concerns about his management of the school and the Children’s Centre including issues relating to:
• serious breaches of health and safety requirements;
• serious financial mismanagement and misrepresentations of the school’s financial position of the governing body and the Local Authority
• the implementation of a system of TOIL that was inadequately recorded and verified and resulted in unacceptable staff absences during a school day and unacceptable costs to the school;
• about serious breaches in relation to CRB checks for staff.
132. The Claimant was informed that the matters should be investigated under the school’s Disciplinary Procedure and that Jason Preece, Assistant Director Change Management and Mary White, HR consultant had been appointed to undertake the investigation. The letter also informed the Claimant that the ongoing disciplinary investigation into the allegations of bullying and harassment (Penny Bermingham allegation) had been put on hold pending the conclusion of the investigation into the Claimant’s grievances against officers within the Local Authority.
133. On 10 July 2009 there was a grievance investigation meeting between the Claimant and Sandra Morrison, Investigating Manager, pages 822-835. On 20 August 2009 the Claimant was informed by letter to him from Sandra Morrison, pages 861-868 that his complaints had not been upheld.
134. We noted that in his letter to Derek Anderson of 7 July 2009, pages 793-796 the Claimant pointed out the following:
Given that Phyllis Dunipace had already acted upon an assumption that the criticisms/allegations about my performance are true, by writing to the Education Secretary Ofsted it seems odd that there is to be an investigation at this point. At the time I contested the validity of the documents written by Phyllis Dunipace and argued that they contained numerous inaccuracies. However I was denied an opportunity to challenge the misinformation or to answer the accusations prior to the issuing of these documents and to advise the governing body. Thus effectively, I have already been found “guilty”, or otherwise submission of the performance letter and section 60 process would not have happened. Furthermore it seems concerning that you would expect the Secretary of State to grant the section 60 notice without Lambeth having already conducted a thorough investigation and allow those involved to have a voice to choose instead to conduct the investigation quite sometime after the event seems strange and somewhat irregular. In the events leading up to Pat Petch’s letter of 2 July, I can clearly have no expectation of a fair and independent investigation based on fact.
135. In September 2009 the Claimant wrote to Pat Petch, pages 873-876, in which he raised allegations of victimisation under the DDA 1995. In his letter the Claimant bulleted the following matters as allegations of victimisation:
• the excessive period of suspension breaching the Local Authority’s School Policies and ACAS guidelines;
• failure to treat his grievances of 24 March 2009 as grievances;
• repeated failures in relation to duty of care;
• complete isolation from work, vague and unspecified allegations in order to put pressure on him to resign;
• pre-emptive actions namely section 60 report and disciplinary procedures prior to letting him have any opportunity to respond;
• no access had been provided to his files, records and e-mails;
• the hostile and aggressive tone of letters and correspondence sent to him.
136. On 2 September 2009 the Claimant in a letter to Derek Anderson, the Respondent’s Chief Executive, pages 82-87 appealed against Sandra Morrison’s findings into his grievances. The Claimant alleged procedural failures, incorrect information in Sandra Morrison’s report and, matters which had been avoided not addressed in her report and allegations where Sandra Morrison had down played admitted failings.
137. On 7 October 2009 nearly eleven months after the Penny Bermingham’s allegations first surfaced, Pat Petch, Chair of the IEB, wrote to the Claimant, pages 2811-2813 to inform him that the IEB proposed to instruct that the investigation into the Penny Bermingham’s allegations would be resumed as soon as possible.
138. The Respondent had undertaken a number of investigatory interviews with witnesses into the second disciplinary matter against the Claimant in September of 2009 and continued undertaking further interviews in October and November 2009.
139. The Claimant had been signed off sick on 30 September 2009 but it was not until 12 November 2009 the Claimant was signed as fit for work. On 12 November 2009 the Claimant wrote to Derek Anderson complaining about the delay relating to the appeal of grievances he had submitted in March 2009 and he requested information of the outcome of his appeal and investigation of additional grievances which were raised in May 2009, page 1104.
140. In September 2009 there was an Ofsted inspection of the school which found that the school required “special measures” because it was failing to give its pupils an acceptable standard of education and that the persons for leading, managing or governing the school were not demonstrating the capacity to secure the necessary improvement.
141. The Tribunal noted that the Claimant had only been actively involved with the school for under three months between September 2008 and his suspension in November 2008, since February 2008. Although the Respondent’s witnesses, as the Tribunal found, were quick to apportion all the blame for the shortcomings of the school to the Claimant, we noted that when an earlier Ofsted inspection report had been complimentary about the Claimant’s leadership, the report was dismissed by Mr Matt Britt in his oral evident to the Tribunal as ‘merely a snapshot on the day of the visit’. In his evidence during cross examination Mall Britt accepted that it had been an error on his part to say that no staff had been trained in child protection on page 4801.
142. The Tribunal was puzzled about the length of the second investigation. The Respondent had received reports into the health and safety issues, the TOIL issue and the CRB issue. Any remaining significant matter involved the schools finances but concerns in relation to these had surfaced before the Claimant’s suspension. The Tribunal considered that the Respondent failed to prioritise and seek an early conclusion to the disciplinary matters against the background of the Claimant’s continued suspension.
143. On 24 November 2009 the Claimant provided a written statement which he had prepared for the investigatory meeting originally scheduled on 29 January 2009, page 2960 – 3004. The Claimant also provided a number of testimonials from teachers.
144. On 16 November 2009 the Claimant was written to and informed that he was required to attend a disciplinary investigation meeting in relation to the Penny Bermingham’s allegations, page 2814. There followed correspondence between the Claimant and the Respondent about undertaking the investigation in writing between the Claimant and the Respondent and on 11 December 2009 the Respondent agreed to the investigation in writing as far as practicable and written questions to the Claimant were enclosed, page 1250.
145. The Claimant had attended investigatory interviews into the second disciplinary matters on 15 September 2009 which continued on 29 September 2009, pages 3761 – 3805.
146. The investigation into the Penny Bermingham allegations resumed on 30 October 2009 when Claire Cobbold was interviewed. By this stage there was a body of available information which potentially could have cast doubt on the veracity of the allegations. However we found that Barry Gilhooly adopted an approach to his investigation on the basis that the allegations were well founded.
147. Claire Cobbold was asked about telephone conversations she had had with Penny Bermingham and the following questions and answers give a flavour of Barry Gilhooly’s [BG] approach after Claire Cobbold [CC] had given her account:
CC: There had been telephone conversations and on one occasion she came to see me and Cathy Twist and Liz Tennant came with her. We spoke about what had happened. Penny Bermingham was a very professional teacher, she wanted to do her best by the children. We tried to keep a catalogue of things that had happened and how she had resolved them, to be used as evidence in any formal grievance.
BG: One meeting, a couple of telephone calls?
CC: One meeting and two to three telephone calls.
BG: What issues did she raise with you?
CC It was about being undermined, sometimes in front of other staff, criticised for actions taken whilst she was in charge of the school, being shouted at and intimidated either in personal telephone calls – her partner had heard shouting through her mobile phone…
Mary White: By telephoning in person?
BC: She saw this as harassment and bullying?
CC Well it is unprofessional conduct. You would not expect to be spoken to like that. She felt undermined.
BC: Did she describe that as unprofessional behaviour?
CC: It is hard to remember, if she used those words. As an HR person I am bound to use those words. She knew that was not behaviour expected of a Head Teacher.
BG: Did she go into any more detail of how she felt?
CC: She felt as if she was being limited as to what she could do. Certain tasks were taken away from her. Everything she had done was not good enough. She had been criticised for the time she was in charge.
BG: Did she have a view of why that was happening?
CC: I do not think so. She was a professional person; she was doing the right thing by the children and just doing her job.
148. Barry Gilhooly’s investigation report was not produced until April 2010, pages 2753 – 2788. The Tribunal found the report was very selective and failed to reflect any evidence which had surfaced during the investigatory meetings which were favourable to the Claimant and were critical of Penny Bermingham’s conduct.
149. In her investigatory meetings, Leanne Foulkes stated that the Claimant generally related well to staff and when asked about his body language replied ‘nothing / would say that was frightening’. When asked whether she witnessed a situation where she felt the manner which the Claimant dealt with a member of his staff was inappropriate said “never but that sometimes in meetings the Claimant seemed stressed over the top but certainly not in a one to one with anybody that she saw.
150. Leanne Foulkes was asked the following questions:
BG: Can you give us an example?
LF: I asked a question, he got stressed about it, and then he suggested we should take a break and then come back to it. It was to do with TLR’s, quite a tense subject.
BG: Any other example?
LF: Again, stressful time after Lambeth review. James got angry with Ros Scherler. He got angry with her … raised his voice. But everyone was stressed. There were people crying because of review … He was hurt by this.
151. Later in the interview Leanne Foulkes gave very negative answers in relation to Penny Bermingham’s conduct and when asked about bullying Penny, Leanne Foulkes replied:
“Rubbish, I don’t believe it at all. Penny can fend for herself.”
152. At the end of her interview Leanne Foulkes said the following:
“I heard Penny say things like I hope he hits me and then he’ll be gone. I just heard that this was said. Particularly, James, in her eyes James was the only person above her … She did not like being disagreed with. If someone disagreed with her she seemed to take it as a personal attack. Work was very personal to her.”
153. In Barry Gilhooly’s investigatory report the Tribunal noted that the report stated the following: Leanne Foulkes also stated that James Walker got angry in a feedback meeting and shouted at Ros Scherler.
154. The Tribunal found that this was a very selective reference to Leanne Foulkes’ evidence and failed to mention that she had also said that everybody was stressed at the meeting and some people were crying.
155. Again there was no reference to Emma Bilsdon’s evidence who was more closely involved as Assistant Head Teacher with Penny Bermingham than most of the other witnesses. Emma Bilsdon gave no evidence which supported a contention that the Claimant’s manner was intimidatory and said the following:
“…In terms of bullying and harassment, that is the last thing I would put on my description of James Walker. I would say he is pleasant. I understood the context (I could see him shouting), that was out of order, but I don’t think that was his fault…”
156. In her interview with Barry Gilhooly, Kelly Norridge stated the following:
“BG: What issues should be raised in relation to the situation at Henry Fawcett?
KN: Basically, some things that Penny had told me. I knew she was going to make the complaint. She said that she had been advised by Lambeth to sit on the complaint for a period of time in case it could be blamed on James Walker having cancer recently. It seemed odd.”
157. Kelly Norridge said that Penny was quite defensive and aggressive towards the Claimant and when asked by Barry Gilhooly about the Claimant’s management style stated: “…Overall he was laid back. More direct after Lambeth review. After that, he had certain things he wanted people to definitely do…”
158. In his findings at paragraph 5.4.6, page 277, Barry Gilhooly provided a very one sided conclusion rather than confining himself to stating that there was a case to answer:
“…Although James Walker was absent on sick leave when the working relationship between Penny Bermingham and himself began to deteriorate it is important to remember that James Walker should not have been either coming into school, telephoning or e-mailing colleagues in relation to work issues. The investigation took full account of James Walker’s illness and the pressure he was under. However the governors and the Local Authority and Governing Body have a duty of care to other employees as well as James Walker. Therefore regardless of his illness his behaviour was totally unacceptable and his treatment of Penny Bermingham continued on his return from sick leave. From the evidence provided during the investigation, I have no reason to disbelieve Penny Bermingham’s account of the events and the distress caused to her by James Walker’s aggressive and intimidating behaviour in shouting at her, humiliating and undermining her in front of other staff.
The consequences of James Walker’s treatment of Penny Bermingham resulted in her losing weight and experience anxiety and hair loss, it also undermined her confidence in her own ability which was evidenced by Dawn MacDonald, interim Deputy Head Teacher, Jubilee Primary School. In reaching this conclusion I have taken account of the fact that James Walker was off sick and was then recovering from a serious illness. I note, however, that when asked for an explanation of his behaviour, James Walker’s response has in the main been to deny that he was in fact abusive towards Penny Bermingham. This suggests a lack of understanding of what is and what is not acceptable behaviour rather than someone who is unable to control their behaviour due to illness…”
159. We were surprised that Barry Gilhooly, as an investigating officer considering whether there was a case to answer, criticised the Claimant for denying the allegations made by Penny Bermingham particularly in circumstances when as we found there was substantial corroborative evidence in support of the Claimant’s position.
160. The Claimant’s own grievance against Penny Bermingham was never adequately investigated. We noted that in his findings to the Claimant’s grievance against Penny Bermingham, page 2781, Barry Gilhooly stated the following:
“…From the investigation there is no evidence that Penny Bermingham took any deliberate actions to undermine James Walker’s position which would have been akin to bullying. To the contrary the evidence showed that James Walker’s behaviour towards Penny Bermingham appeared to be akin to bullying. Although the investigation has taken full account of James Walker’s illness and the pressure he was under the governors and Local Authority also has a duty of care to other staff…”
161. The Tribunal noted that Barry Gilhooly dismissed Kelly Norridge’s evidence that Penny Bermingham was defensive and aggressive towards James Walker by stating that it was probably that on that occasion it was Penny Bermingham’s reaction to James Walker’s behaviour to her. Penny Bermingham was never asked questions by Barry Gilhooly into matters relating to the Claimant’s grievance and in her evidence to the Tribunal stated that she was unaware that the Claimant had raised a grievance against her.
162. On every level the Tribunal found that any evidence in support of the Claimant was dismissed and explained by the Respondent and that no reasonable analysis was undertaken. We considered that the investigation was motivated by a result which was intended to portray the Claimant in the worst possible light.
163. In her evidence to the Tribunal Penny Bermingham stated that she was not told about the Claimant’s grievance and had not been question about what Ms Lynch and Kelly Norwich had said about her. The failure by Mr Gilhooly to undertake any adequate investigation into the Claimant’s grievance and to accept at face value, as we found, everything that we had been told by Penny Bermingham, in the absence of any matters being put to her which might have cast doubt on a number of her allegations, we consider reinforces our conclusions about the one sided approach towards the investigation into the Claimant’s conduct.
164. Excuses were provided for Penny Bermingham’s conduct in order to counter Kelly Norridge’s allegations, namely that it was a reaction to the Claimant’s behaviour without Penny Bermingham herself being asked about such matters. Although the worst possible inferences were drawn from the Claimant’s reaction which on all accounts was a stressful meeting following the review, when everybody who was present at the meeting was upset including the Claimant.
165. We concluded that the Respondent failed to have any reasonable regard to the fact that the Claimant himself on occasions was himself in a stressful situation, not only on account of his serious illness but also against the background of the Local Authority review which had upset a very significant number of the teaching staff at the school in addition to the Claimant.
166. In the light of the hostility which has struck the Tribunal throughout the entire hearing displayed by most of the Respondent’s witnesses towards the Claimant, we are unable to accept that the Respondent took into account any evidence or background circumstances which might have diverted the Respondent from reaching the conclusions it intended to reach.
167. By way of example in his investigatory meeting on 4 February 2009 Mr Britt stated that he had been subject to low level bullying amounting to intellectual snobbery on the part of the Claimant and he described the Claimant’s behaviour as appalling. The Tribunal found that Matt Britt had also endeavoured to persuade John Marr to make a complaint that he had been bullied by the Claimant. We also noted that Barry Gilhooly during the course of his interview with Matt Britt only asked Matt Britt about the Claimant’s behaviour towards him rather than the Penny Bermingham allegations. Matt Britt was asked many questions about his own relationship with the Claimant, the Claimant’s management style and the only question Matt Britt was asked by Barry Gilhooly which related to Penny Bermingham occurred in the following exchange:
Mary White: Do you think his behaviour was professional?
Matt Britt: Unprofessional as a leader. If my team had received a review report in the way Henry Fawcett did, I would have been leading them to find ways to overcome the challenges faced and not storming out of feedback or refusing to accept the report.
BG: How did this relate to Penny Bermingham’s concerns?
MB: I saw the verbal arrogance and cynicisms she mentioned in the review when James Walker and I met with her about the action plan. I also saw the physically threatening behaviour presenting during the feedback sessions with the review team.
BG: How would you describe your relationship with James Walker?
MB: James was dramatic in his behaviour and I felt that he had let himself down at the review. He did not pull his team together and there was no accountability. James left the feedback meeting midway and the rest of the feedback had to be given without him present. It was my job to work with him. However I felt a loss of respect…”
168. At a further interview on 24 July 2009 in relation to the second investigatory matter Matt Britt made the following observation: “…No one had been able to stand up to James Walker, he was a horrible psychological bully. John Marr had to go off sick and the chair of governors was virtually bullied…”
169. Mall Britt’s account was untrue. John Marr never went off sick as a result of any conduct on the part of the Claimant. John Marr went on sick leave with stress for eight weeks from February 2009 as a result of being overloaded with work at a time when Matt Britt was interim Head Teacher at the school. We noted that at the investigatory meeting with John Marr it was put to him that he had been bullied by the Claimant. Again the nature of the question confirms our conclusions that the Respondent was motivated into reaching a particular result.
170. On 30 April 2010 Pat Petch chair of the IEB wrote to the Claimant instructing him to attend a disciplinary hearing on 18 May 2010 continuing on 19 May, 21 May, 24 May and 25 May. The charges involved the following under the first investigation gross misconduct involving bullying and harassment of Penny Bermingham during the period June 2008 to November 2008. The charges following the second investigation involved gross misconduct involving the following:
• serious breaches of safety rules and staff code of conduct involving a failure to comply with statutory legislation in relation to health and safety and to ensure robust procedures and systems were in place for effective management of health and safety;
• failing to manage the budget at the school and Children’s centre effectively resulting in deficits at the end of March 2008 and the end of March 2009. Further misrepresenting the budget position to the governing body.
• two charges in relation to unauthorised indebtedness to the school and breach of financial regulations in relation to paying off a private debt of a school employee, Marie Gazley. Further the implementation of the TOIL system which was inadequately recorded and verified, recruiting Ms Chukukere as a teacher with unspent convictions and a failure to ensure that effective procedures and processes were in place to ensure that staff had up-to-date CRB checks.
171. The deficit for the year ending March 2008 was £315,585 and for the year ending March 2009 the deficit was £142,460.
172. Ten days before the date scheduled for the disciplinary hearing the Claimant was sent a box of files containing over 2,000 pages. It was the Claimant’s case that he could not face looking at the material at that stage in the time that was made available for him before the hearing.
173. We accepted the Claimant’s evidence. We considered it was wholly unreasonable of the Respondent to have expected the Claimant to have prepared for a disciplinary hearing at such short notice having regard to the fact that it took eighteen months for the Respondent to undertake its investigations in circumstances where the Claimant as we have found was isolated and suspended.
174. The Claimant’s position was clearly set out in a letter to Pat Petch from his solicitors, Collyer Bristow dated 14 May 2010, pages 1519-1523. The Claimant’s solicitor’s letter pointed out that the charges were not specific and that the relevant legislation which the Claimant was alleged to have been in breach of was not particularised. The Respondent was reminded of its own procedures namely that clause 12.2.1 of its disciplinary rules that charges needed to be framed with care. The letter also pointed out that there were in effect allegations of dishonesty levelled at the Claimant namely lying to the governing body and giving different information. We consider the criticisms of the Respondent’s approach and the general manner in which the charges are claimed which provided the Claimant with no particulars of what was being alleged against him were well founded.
175. Another reason why the Claimant was unable to attend the meeting scheduled for 18 May 2010 was that he had a two monthly oncology appointment with his consultant.
176. The letter also challenged the composition of the panel which included a member of the IEB. The letter pointed out the following, page 1522:
“The IEB was set up to replace the governing body. The reason the governing body was disbanded by a section 60 notice was that it was not prepared to consider pursuing the vindictive action against our client and one of the reasons why the IEB came into being was for this process to be considered. The section 60 letter contains some serious inaccuracies regarding our client and his role and he was never given a chance to correct the same. The IEB has therefore been appointed on the back of assertions which are factually incorrect: the letter of 29 February 2009 (the warning notice) contains assertions put forward as fact relating to many of the issues which appear to have found their way (some 18 months later) Into disciplinary allegations against our client. Members of the IEB have considered the terms under which they were appointed have seen the letter which sets out these matters as facts which have happened and led to the need for a IEB in the first place. These include allegations of material failures on the part of the Headmaster, how they are advanced as facts and not as issues to be investigated. Where the allegations are of such a serious nature and the IEB is appointed expressly on the basis that some of the same allegations are factually true, it is clearly impossible to see how our client will receive a fair trial involving members of the IEB.
You are aware that we have been extremely concerned of the way in which you as chair have conducted these proceedings in terms of our client’s continued suspension, the failure to decide what to do as to dropping this facile process or continuing with it and the conduct of meetings. The Vice Chair cannot have been isolated from those issues. She is junior to yourself about whom our client had sought to raise various grievances/complaints.
177. By letter to the Claimant’s solicitors dated 26 May 2010 the Respondent replied to the points raised by the Claimant’s solicitor and agreed to the request to postpone the disciplinary hearing. The letter also pointed out that the proposed panel included governors from another school and that they had no contact either professionally or otherwise with the Claimant and that Ms Dunne, the other panel member, had played no part in the allegations against the Claimant. The letter also pointed out that one of the conditions of the Claimant’s suspension was that he was to make himself available for work during normal working hours and that he should advise the authority of he was unable to attend for work for any reason and any request to attend hospital or other medical appointments. We consider that the inclusion of such an observation was wholly unnecessary and unrealistic in circumstances where the Claimant had been suspended since the end of November 2008.
178. In late June early July there was correspondence between the Claimant’s solicitors and the Respondent’s legal department relating to further and better particulars of allegations against the Claimant Finally in a letter to the Claimant’s solicitors dated 9 June 2010, page 1156, the Respondent stated that the further and better particulars provided were sufficiently clear and that they would not be providing any further information, the letter also pointed out that the disciplinary hearing had been provisionally scheduled to be heard on 8/9/10/13/14 September 2010.
179. Against the background of the Claimant’s state of health it took him some time to consider the documentation which had been provided to him from the Respondent The Claimant considered that his allegations against Penny Bermingham had not been investigated with the same degree of seriousness as the allegations against him and he concluded that the investigation had placed greater value on evidence which was negative towards him The Tribunal found that the Claimant’s perception of the investigation process was wholly reasonable The Claimant was also concerned that the investigation failed to address and clarify where the legal duty lay in respect of statutory and other duties nor was there any clear explanation of the relationships between the local authority, governing body and the Head Teacher.
180. We accepted the Claimant’s evidence that following the receipt of the allegations against him and the Respondent’s supporting documentation he was at a very low ebb. The Claimant in his witness statement stated that he had contemplated suicide and required medication and long term counselling support. The Claimant concluded that there was no way that he would receive a fair hearing from the Respondent.
181. By letter to the Respondent dated 9 September 2010 the Claimant wrote a letter of resignation to Pat Petch, pages 1577-1580. The Claimant’s letter of resignation included the following:
“…Your failure to demonstrate a balanced and fair approach to the preparation to the hearing planned for May 2010 raised huge doubts and these have not been alleviated. For example why you spent 18 months conducting an investigation, you gave me only 10 days to respond to 5 ring binders of evidence and prepare a defence, at a time when I was suffering from depression. You also reversed the order, intending to deal with the non Penny Bermingham allegations first, where that was said to be the basis of my suspension You failed to respond to my request for an independent disciplinary panel to be appointed I still hope that once I have pointed out some of the obvious flaws in the allegations, some form of common sense would prevail.
However any last hope that I would be treated with fairness was lost completely when I was finally able to look at some of the evidence and speak to some of the witnesses.
As you know from your occupational health doctor and his extensive reports, the treatment I have received from my employer has had a detrimental and harmful impact on my mental health. you will be aware I was suffering from anxiety and depression and thus had to seek support from my GP and others. Though I continue to suffer psychological injuries this support has made some limited improvement to my mental health. As a result of this slight improvement, I have finally been able to consider some of the extensive documentation you submitted as part of your disciplinary evidence. Despite taking receipt of five folders from May 2010 when these were delivered to Collyer Bristow the severity of my depression meant I lacked the strength and capacity to view the material previously.
I was deeply shocked by the contents of your files and found these demonstrated a totally biased and prejudiced approach had been taken towards me throughout your investigations and proceedings. My recent discussions with witnesses and a review of the documentation has also provided evidence of unfair treatment.
For example, I have discovered that there was a:-
1) Failure to provide both witnesses and myself with specific detailed allegations of what I was accused of.
2) Failure to clarify the division of responsibility between other individuals and bodies who had overlapping responsibilities and duties for the matters under consideration.
3) The inclusion of an allegation purportedly made by John Parr which he had indicated in writing that he did not want to make.
4) Compilation of witness evidence from people who had never met me, nor been involved in the school at the time when I was responsible for the management of the school, which contrast with the failure to interview key witnesses e.g. members of the school’s governing body.
5) Disregard crucial witness evidence from friends of Penny Bermingham which undermine the integrity of her evidence. There was a failure to investigate this evidence independently and in a prompt and confidential manner.
6) Continuing repetition of allegations which relate to the period when I was undergoing chemotherapy treatment without any attempt to find out if my illness might have affected me.
7) Presentation of written evidence, particularly relating to school’s finances in a partial incomplete manner and without corroboration which leads to a distorted picture.
8) Failure to act on allegations of bullying behaviour by Penny Bermingham towards myself and others and to reconsider your judgments against me in the light of revelations, which demonstrates biased and a lack of even handiness.
9) Procuring the destruction of my files and a fraud investigation into how that came about. The files were contained in seven filing cabinets and there appears to be little or nothing done to question those who were known to be responsible for taking the decision to clear the office.
10) Failure to carry out the investigations in a prompt and ordered way in order to secure an accurate account of events and confidentiality within the investigation. It is now nearly two years since my suspension. The reasons for suspension have changed without me being informed.
11) Failure to act in an even handed way by asking witnesses questions about Penny Bermingham’s behaviour towards me and instead only focussing on the converse. This was in spite of assurances from the Chief Executive last year that my grievances against Penny would be investigated as part of this process.
12) Failure to properly and accurately set out minutes of witness meetings which reflected the true nature and content of what people had said. In many cases witnesses said criticism of Penny’s behaviour which were left out or played down and the positive comments about me were rewritten to convey a negative meaning. Furthermore all witnesses waited months for minutes to be sent only to find that they were inaccurate.
In addition to the above having experienced excessive and unjust treatment from both the IEB and Lambeth Council for over two years and having been isolated out of the workplace for nearly two years, I remain worried about my health. Having endured bullying and harassment from my employer for two years, at a time when I was recovering from cancer, I had hoped that a more reasonable approached would be adopted. I can no longer continue with this situation, as I believe it poses significant risks to my health and well-being.
In outline, some of the core factors have been:
i) suspending me in the first place and then failing at any time to review the need for suspension despite there being specific reasons to review.
ii) repeated failures to engage your obligations with reasonable adjustments in relation to the application of performance and disciplinary procedures.
iii) an unnecessary and extended suspension;
iv) failure to provide access to my person management files and records which I required to defend myself against your allegations;
v) failure to properly investigate the circumstances surrounding the destruction of my personal files and property from my office and having destroyed them in the first place;
vi) a failure to prevent me from becoming isolated from the work environment. Since November 2009 no one from the LEA or IEB has spoken to me or met with me.
Henry Fawcett Primary School was extremely important to me both on a personal and professional level. I was hugely committed to the pupils, their parents and the talented staff that taught under me. Whatever judgments you have made, the fact remains the school was successful under my management. As you know my leadership and management was praised by two Ofsted inspections and described as “good” and during the last year I achieved 74% in the SATS results. While achievement was important to me I took immense satisfaction from the fact that I was able to work with my staff to create a happy and secure environment for children at Henry Fawcett…”
182. The Claimant presented his second claim form to the Tribunal complaining of constructive unfair dismissal on 9 September, 2010.
183. The Tribunal heard submission from Mrs Fraser-Butlin on behalf of the Respondent and from the Claimant. Both the Claimant and Mrs Fraser-Butlin on behalf of the Respondent supplemented their oral submissions with written submissions. The parties’ submissions are not repeated in these reasons. The Tribunal was also provided by Mrs Fraser-Butlin with a lever arch file of authorities and the Claimant also referred the Tribunal to authorities in his submission. The Tribunal considered all the authorities to which we were referred.
184. There was no issue that the Claimant’s condition of cancer meant that he was a disabled person for the purposes of the DDA 1995. Mrs Fraser-Butlin submitted that following the ‘all clear’ when the Claimant returned to work he should be treated as a person with a past disability. Where a Claimant has a past disability there is no duty on the Respondent to make reasonable adjustments However, in any event, even where a Claimant has a disability, the Claimant has to establish a particular disadvantage caused by that disability for the duty on the Respondent employer to take reasonable adjustments to arise.
185 The statutory framework is set out as follows:
Section 3A of Disability Discrimination Act 1995
(1) For the purposes of this Part, a person also discriminates against a disabled person if—
(a) for a reason which relates to the disabled person’s disability, he treats him less favourably than he treats or would treat others to whom that reason does not or would not apply, and
(b) he cannot show that the treatment in question is justified.
(5) A person directly discriminates against a disabled person if, on the ground of the disabled person’s disability, he treats the disabled person less favourably than he treats or would treats person not having that particular disability whose relevant circumstances, including his abilities, are the same as, or not materially different from, those of the disabled person
186. Following London Borough of Lewisham v Malcolm [2008J IRLR 700 HL the appropriate comparator in cases of direct and disability related discrimination are the same namely the comparator’s circumstances is someone whose circumstances are the same or not materially different from that of the Claimant.
187. Section 4A of the Act provides.-
(1) Where –
(a) a provision, criterion or practice applied by or on behalf of an employer, or
(b) any physical feature of premises occupied by the employer, places the disabled person concerned at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, it is the duty of the employer to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for him to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.
188. Section 3B of the Act provides
(1) For the purposes of this Part, a person subjects a disabled person to harassment where, for a reason which relates to the disabled person’s disability, he engages in unwanted conduct which has the purpose or effect of-
(a) violating the disabled person’s dignity, or
(b) creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for him.
(2) Conduct shall be regarded as having the effect referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) only if, having regard to all the circumstances, including In particular the perception of the disabled person, it should reasonably be considered as having that effect.”
189. Section 17A of the DDA contains burden of proof provisions, namely
(IC) Where, on the hearing of a complaint under subsection(1), the complainant proves facts from which the Tribunal could, apart from this subsection that the respondent has acted in a way which is unlawful under this Part, the tribunal shall uphold the complaint unless the respondent proves that he did not so act.
190. Section 55 of the Act contains provisions relating to victimisation and provides that
a person (“A”) discriminates against another person (“B”) if –
(a) he treats B less favourably than he treats or would treat another person whose circumstances are the same as B and
(b) he does so for a reason mentioned in sub section(2).
Subsection (2) lists a number of reasons, including alleging that A (the Respondent) has contravened the DDA. It is conceded that the Claimant’s grievance dated 27 February 2009 amounts to a protected act.
Unfair constructive dismissal
191. Section 95(1)(c) of the Employment Rights Act 1996 provides:
(1) For the purposes of this Part an employee is dismissed by his employer if (and only if) –
…(c) the employee terminates the contract under which he is employed (with or without notice) in circumstances in which he is entitled to terminate it without notice by reason of the employer’s conduct
192. To found a complaint of constructive dismissal the Claimant has to show that his resignation has been caused or justified by a fundamental or repudiatory breach of his contract of employment by the Respondent employer, namely a breach which goes the very root of the contract between them; in other words conduct on the part of the employer which evidences the employer treating the contract of employment as discharged. In the circumstances of this case the Claimant alleged that the Respondent’s conduct involved breaches of the term of trust and confidence implied into his contract of employment.
193. In Malik —v- BCCI  ICR 606, HL, the implied term of trust and confidence was defined as:
The employer shall not, without reasonable and proper cause, conduct itself in a manner calculated and likely to destroy or seriously damage the relationship of trust and confidence between employer and employee.
194. The Claimant also contended that the alleged discriminatory conduct of the Respondent involved repudiatory breaches of his contract of employment
195. The Tribunal reached its conclusions having regard to the totality of the evidence, to the submissions of Mrs Fraser-Butlin on behalf of the Respondent and of the Claimant and to the relevant law.
Constructive unfair dismissal
196. Clause 6 of the Management Guidance to the Respondent’s disciplinary procedure provided the following:
“6.1 Head Teachers conduct in relation to how the disciplinary procedure, investigation or suspension is handled must be such as not to damage the relationship of confidence and trust which exists between employer and employee.
6.2 To discharge their duties and avoid stress claims Head Teachers should:
• Head Teachers should project, manage each situation, set out a realistic action plan and timetable at the outset and stick to it. The plan should incorporate the appropriate sections of the Disciplinary and other relevant Procedures, so the processes are not flawed for want of procedure. procrastination and indecisive management when dealing with these issues are more likely to give rise to stress and psychological injury claims.
• Where possible avoid delay
Investigations, suspension and disciplinary proceedings can be stressful for employees, this is particularly true when the employee has been suspended and effectively withdrawn from the workplace. Delay in these circumstances is likely to exacerbate the stress felt by the employee. It is Important therefore that the resolution process is as streamlined as possible.
• Stay connected with the employee
Keeping in regular contact, and where this unexpected delay in the process, inform the employee so its expectations are managed. If investigations become protracted regular contact with the individuals should be maintained by the Head Teacher and/or human resources and the employee should be notified as soon as practicable once the investigations have been completed.
• Manage the situation sensitively
While delays should be avoided, so should over enthusiastic management. Keep all employees concerned involved in the process by giving regular updates.”
197. Under clause 8 headed “disciplinary investigation” clause 8.3 provided the following:
In an informal investigation the following steps should be taken:
• Obtain as much relevant information as possible: what happened, when and where, interview the complainant and any witness and obtain written statements where relevant, which should be signed and dated by the interviewee and a copy given to the interviewee. Notes should be taken of all interviews and these should be kept in case they are required by the employee or the panel at any hearing.
The person under investigation should be invited to attend for an investigatory meeting at the earliest opportunity, as should all witnesses to an incident or those that can shed light on the event.”
198. Clause 8.5 provided the following
“The purpose of the investigation is to establish all the relevant facts and evidence which may lead to disciplinary action being taken by the Head Teacher eg warnings, which will need to be considered at a formal disciplinary hearing In carrying out the investigation, it should be understood the investigation any interviews conducted with the employee concerned in order to establish the relevant facts are not a formal disciplinary hearing.
199. Clause 8.9 provided the following:
“Care should be taken in preparing any charges if formal action is to be taken. Each charge shall be well argued and researched. It is also advisable to link any charge of a specific breach of a disciplinary rule. Care should also be taken to keep charges simple. Governing bodies and Head Teachers should seek to identify the actual allegation other than simply claiming a breach of rule “x” may not be reasonable and may therefore result in postponements. Ideally the Head Teacher should state the employer charged with doing X on Y date (S in breach of Rule Z.)
200. The Tribunal throughout the hearing expressed its concerns about the delay in the entire disciplinary process involving the Claimant. The Claimant had been suspended at the end of November 2008 but had not been given any details of the allegations against him apart from five bulleted allegations in his suspension letter dated 28 November 2008, pages 414 —415.
201. It was not until 18 December 2008 that the Claimant was provided with any information relating to the disciplinary process namely that the investigating officers would be Barry Gilhooly and Mary White, Human Resources Consultant.
202. The Tribunal considered the choice of Barry Gilhooly as the investigation officer in circumstances when he was about to go on extended leave to be unacceptable in circumstances of a suspension. The Tribunal was driven to the conclusion that no priority was given by the Respondent to the Claimant’s position and to the duty of care it owed to the Claimant as outlined in clause 6 of the Management guidance to its disciplinary procedure. We found that no consideration was given to the inevitable delay that the appointment of Mr Gilhooly would cause to the investigatory process.
203. It was not until Mary White’s letter to the Claimant dated 8 January 2009 that the Claimant was provided with any particulars of the allegations against the Claimant. We noted that such allegations included John Parr’s allegations of 21 November 2008 which he had expressly requested should not be used against the Claimant.
204. We found that the whole process undertaken by Barry Gilhooly was flawed and that it was as wide ranging as possible to amass as much negative evidence against the Claimant as possible. On several occasions during the hearing the Tribunal enquired why the investigation had taken so long in circumstances of an allegation by one teacher against another. The Tribunal never received a satisfactory explanation for the delay or why in circumstances of an allegation of bullying and harassment against Penny Bermingham, Witnesses who had not been directly involved with the allegations, were asked question relating to the Claimant’s management style and on some occasions whether they had been bullied by the Claimant.
205. We noted that two of the potential witnesses most closely involved with Penny Bermingham namely the Assistant Head Teacher, Emma Bilsdon was not interviewed until 9 November 2009, almost a year after the Claimant’s suspension. We found that Mr Gilhooly’s investigation was one sided and judgmental in its approach as evidenced in his findings. We noted that any negative observations about Penny Bermingham were explained away by him without any of the matters being put to Penny Bermingham.
206. The nature of the investigation and the delays we conclude evidenced an intention on the part of the Respondent to treat the Claimant’s contract of employment as discharged, in circumstances where we found that the Respondent failed to have any regard to the relationship of trust and confidence which should exist between employer and employee. Whatever the concerns about the Claimant’s management of the school, the Claimant was entitled to be treated in a manner consistent with his rights as an employee and to be treated fairly throughout the investigatory process. This we conclude the Respondent wholly failed to achieve.
207. Sitting as an industrial jury we bore in mind that a number of members of staff and other individuals connected with the school might well have had a poor opinion of the Claimant even to the point of disliking him and finding him uncongenial. However even taking account of the dynamics of working and professional relationships, which might well give rise to feelings of antagonism, we were nevertheless disturbed about the level of hostility expressed by some of the witnesses against the Claimant during the disciplinary process. We found that there was an unjustifiable acceptance that Penny Bermingham’s allegations against the Claimant were well founded even before the conclusion of the investigation process. Barry Gilhooly clearly accepted Penny Bermingham’s allegations and adopted an approach which we found was motivated by an endeavour to obtain as much material which was damaging to the Claimant as possible
208. This approach was also reflected in the second disciplinary investigation which was not concerned with allegations of bullying, but with financial and other alleged mismanagement by the Claimant. Thus John -Marr who was interviewed about health and safety and financial management was asked in terms about whether it was true that the Claimant had bullied and harassed him.
209. The Tribunal concluded that Matt Britt’s conduct in relation to the clearing of the Claimant’s office was inexcusable. We were unable to accept his evidence that only material which was old and which he considered had no relevance was destroyed and we accepted the evidence of John Marr that a large amount of material was bagged for removal. Matt Britt gave no explanation as to why the Claimant had not been consulted before he took steps to clear the office particularly in circumstances where the Claimant had occupied the office for a number of years. Mall Britt was forced to accept in cross examination that, with hindsight, he should have done.
210. The Tribunal concluded that the Claimant’s office was cleared in circumstances of the expectation that the Claimant would not be returning, to the school We found Matt had said to John Marr, who had queried Matt Britt’s instruction that he wanted to clear the office, that the Claimant was not coming back Again we conclude that such conduct was not consistent with the relationship of trust and confidence which should exist between employer and employee
211. We did not consider that the Respondent was genuinely motivated by considerations of policy, when it decided to treat the Claimant’s grievances against Penny Bermingham as a complaint, the effect of which was justified by the Respondent as delaying the disciplinary investigation process The Claimant’s grievances against Local Authority officers did not, we consider, impact upon the allegations by Penny. Bermingham of bullying and harassment by the Claimant
212. As it happened the Claimant’s allegations against Penny Bermingham were never properly investigated and Penny Bermingham herself was unaware that the Claimant had raised a grievance against her. Penny Bermingham, of course, had been interviewed on 29 January 2009 a month before the Claimant had raised his grievance and accordingly was never interviewed about the matter. We accept the Claimant’s submission that he was treated differently from Penny Bermingham. The grievance process did not appear to require that a disciplinary investigatory process should be held up until after the conclusion of a grievance. In any event the Tribunal noted that Mr GlIhooly himself stated that he viewed the Penny Bermingham allegations against the Claimant and the Claimant’s grievance about Penny Bermingham as different sides of the same coin.
213. Ms Fraser-Butlin submitted that the Tribunal must consider what would have happened if the Claimant had not resigned and what the percentage likelihood is that he would have been dismissed in any event
214. Ms Fraser Butlin referred the Tribunal to paragraph 2551 of Harveys, namely:
Where evidence is adduced as to what would have happened had proper procedures been complied with, there are a number of potential findings a Tribunal could make In some cases it may be clear that the employee would have been retained if proper procedures had been adopted. In such cases the full compensatory award should be made. In others, the Tribunal may conclude that dismissal would have include in any event this may result in a small additional compensatory award only to take account of any additional period for which the employee would have been employed had the proper procedures been carried out into effect (CEG Mining supplies (Longwall) Ltd v Baker (1988) ICR 676). In other circumstances it may be impossible to make a determination one way or another. It is in those cases that the (Employment) Tribunal must make a percentage assessment of the likelihood that the employee would have been retained, as suggested in Sillifant v Powell Duffryn Timber Ltd.”
215. The Tribunal endeavoured to evaluate what the outcome of a fair hearing might have achieved. First we considered that any reasonable employer would have separated the Penny Bermingham’s allegations from the allegations of mismanagement, financial and otherwise.
216. Secondly we had concerns that the allegations of mismanagement involved matters which might more appropriately have been dealt with as issues of capability rather than issues of misconduct. This employer plainly failed to even consider that distinction. We noted that the Respondent had commissioned reports about its concerns namely the report into the TOIL issues which was dated 16 March 2009 in relation to the CRB issues ‘without engaging the Claimant and it was not until 2 July 2009 that the Claimant was informed that all the matters of concern, which had been considered for some time would be investigated.
217. The Claimant himself, as we found, was very significantly disadvantaged by the fact that many of his records had been destroyed. We were unable to assess what a rigorous investigation of any school in the Respondent borough might have revealed, and whether the situation was unique to the Henry Fawcett school.
218. In his evidence to the Tribunal Mr Jethwa stated that the Henry Fawcett School was one of a handful of schools, namely five or six schools, being in deficit. We found it difficult to assess the extent to which the Claimant’s illness and his absence from the school together with his suspension should have been taken into account by a reasonable employer in evaluating the blameworthiness or performance of the Claimant.
219. In relation to health and safety there was a Premises Manager at the school, John Marr and a Facilities Manager, Mike James who had been appointed by the Claimant. John Marr’s evidence was not challenged namely that every year from 1999 there had been major developments and work at the school including the refurbishment of the toilets and kitchen, rewiring of the boiler room and that the school worked closely with the Respondent’s premises staff on such projects.
220. At the time the Claimant went off sick in February 2009 there were major works being undertaken in resurfacing the roof and replacing the school’s windows. The Claimant also arranged for the contractor to give a health and safety talk to pupils in assembly. Notwithstanding the issues which surfaced following the Claimant’s suspension, we did not consider that this was a case where the Claimant had ignored or turned a blind eye to his responsibilities.
221. Again in relation to TOIL we found that the Claimant had sought HR advice from Carol Palmer about the merits of the TOIL proposal.
222. In relation to the CRB issue, there were seven CRBs which were out of date going as far back as 2006, the effect of which was that staff were operating in a school with out of date CRB checks. Clearly this was a serious issue, but the Claimant’s evidence, which went unchallenged, was that the system he had adopted had been vetted by Ofsted. The system was to involve asking staff to put in CRB applications when they became due.
223. It had been the Claimant’s intention to review procedures before going on sick leave and that he had not been informed of any concerns when he returned to work. We considered there was some force in the Claimant’s contention in his evidence that the CRB matter only became an issue when he refused a compromise offer.
224. The Tribunal considered that the most serious matter was the financial issue. The Claimant himself was clearly concerned about the school’s finances before he went on sick leave and the school was insolvent.
225. In her written submissions to the Tribunal Mrs Fraser-Butlin succinctly itemised the financial issues. It was clear that the Claimant was extremely concerned about the school budget issue while he was away sick and on any view the Claimant’s approach to his budgetary responsibilities was muddled. Thus the Claimant was unable to accept that capital and revenue monies should not be mixed in accounts.
226. In December 2007 the school was in deficit to the extent of £141,684.75 (page 4839) as evidenced in a 2007/08 income and expenditure forecast initialled by the Claimant. The financial position was complicated by the additional factor of the Children Centre which was ultimately paid during the year 2008/2009. The governors were unaware of the payroll liability and the school deficit until they were informed of the deficit in April 2008 and the Claimant informed them of the figures after his return to work in October 2008.
227. Although the school’s finances were clearly a matter of concern to the Claimant we found that there was some force in the Claimant’s submissions that if the Respondent had long term concerns about the school’s financial position why such concerns had not been raised before the Claimant’s suspension and action taken at an earlier stage. The Claimant himself had raised concerns about the viability of the Children’s Centre. The Governing Body had become aware of the deficit in April 2008 and the Claimant himself had informed the governing body of the figures in October 2008.
228. We found that the Penny Bermingham issues leading to the Claimant’s suspension coloured the entire disciplinary processes which followed. In the absence of the Penny Bermingham issues we concluded that all the matters covered by the second disciplinary investigation would, on the balance of probabilities, have been dealt with by any reasonable employer by way of performance issues and that any necessary remedial steps should have been dealt with by engaging with the Claimant in an endeavour to place the school on a more viable financial footing.
229. We found that no evaluation was made in relation to the impact of the Claimant’s absence from the school in 2008 and any failings on the part of the interim management team. We found that the Respondent had prioritised the removal of the Claimant from the school and maintaining his removal through a disciplinary process rather than raising and addressing any concerns with him in his role as Head Teacher. The wholly unjustified destruction of the Claimant’s records and the remark by Matt Britt to John Parr namely that the Claimant was not coming back we considered evidenced the Respondent’s approach in the starkest terms.
230. The Respondent provided no explanation why it treated concerns about the Claimant’s management of the school as disciplinary matters and we consider that there is considerable force in the Claimant’s submission that his rejection of the compromise officer against the background of the Penny Bermingham allegations, which occurred sometime before the commencement of the Jason Preece investigation about which the Claimant was informed five months later in July 2009, was a determining factor.
231. We concluded that the Respondent’s treatment of the Claimant failed to treat him in a manner consistent with the existence of an employment relationship. The delays in the Penny Bermingham investigation which on the evidence the Tribunal found were wholly unjustified, the clearing of the Claimant’s office without reference to the Claimant and the destruction of his files, the failure to provide the Claimant with any details of the Penny Bermingham complaints notwithstanding his suspension, for a period, the wholly unjustified draconian initial conditions of his suspension, the failure to adopt partiality during the investigation process and what we found was the motivation on the part of the investigation officers, particularly Mr Gilhooly, to undertake an investigation to paint the Claimant in the most damaging light.
232. We concluded that the Respondent had prioritised the removal of the Claimant from the school. It may well have been the case that the Penny Bermingham allegations were used as a “stalking horse” to achieve such a result. We noted that Phyllis Dunipace herself had stated at an investigation hearing into the Claimant in May 2009 although referring to the main concern at the time of Claimant’s suspension being his behaviour, also added the following:
“…but I also had to take into account the school’s improvement. We had a termly voluntary meeting which we would look at long term reports or advice in terms of what was going in records. We would also examine Ofsted reports, financial information, audit reports, whether the school was in deficit…”
233. We were satisfied that the Claimant would not have received a fair hearing and that the only result of the disciplinary hearing would have been his dismissal. In reaching such conclusion the Tribunal had not embarked upon a sea of speculation, but had reached its determination on its evaluation and assessment of the Respondent’s conduct so far as it impacted upon the Claimant in the period starting with the Claimant’s admission to hospital in February 2008 and the Claimant’s resignation in September 2010.
234. Had the matters the subject of the second investigation been treated as performance issues addressed with the active engagement of the Claimant, and the Penny Bermingham matter been considered in isolation from such issues, approaches which, we consider, a reasonable employer should have adopted, the Claimant would not have been threatened with dismissal by a reasonable employer.
235. The Tribunal concluded that the Respondent’s treatment of the Claimant from the manner in which it reacted to the Penny Birmingham allegations, commencing with the Claimant’s suspension and its subsequent conduct of the disciplinary process involving the Claimant involved breaches of the term of trust and confidence on the part of the Respondent which went to the very root of the employment relationship. The Tribunal found that the entire process was motivated by an intention on the part of the Respondent to achieve the removal of the Claimant from his role at the school. The Respondent by its conduct had failed to deal or engage with the Claimant as an employee.
236. Turning to the issue of whether the Claimant had delayed too long before his resignation the Tribunal concluded that it was not until September 2010 that the Claimant was in a position to make an informed decision about his resignation. The Claimant had been written to on 30 April 2010 (pages 1513-1517) by Pat Petch informing him that he was to attend a formal disciplinary hearing commencing less than three weeks later on 18 May 2010 to face very substantial charges against him, namely the Penny Birmingham allegations under the first investigation by Mr Gilhooly and 11 charges under the second disciplinary investigation conducted by Jason Preece. The Tribunal considered that the reply by the Claimant’s solicitors to Ms Petch dated 14 May 2010 pages 1519-1523 put the Claimant’s position in clear terms, namely:-
We read your letter dated 30 April 2010 with a mixture of shock, incredulity and sadness or concern. In view of how our client has been treated to date, perhaps we should not be surprised that the letter amounts to a further chapter in the Council’s determined attempt to remove him. It is a further example of victimisation against our client for raising grievances and for making protected disclosures. It caused extreme distress and a sharp deterioration in his health and we attach a sick note confirming that he is not fit to attend the hearing. This is of particular significance since no one from the LA has phoned or met our client since the end of November 2009.
237. The letter requested a postponement of the hearing which was granted and the Respondent arranged for the Claimant to be examined by Occupational Health.
238. The Tribunal accepted the Claimant’s evidence that he was not in a fit state to consider the very significant volume of documentation which had been generated by both investigations. The Tribunal has commented before in these reasons that we found no reason why the Penny Birmingham investigation could not have been concluded at a much earlier stage and the Tribunal had no satisfactory or adequate explanation from the Respondent why an earlier conclusion to such investigation had not been achieved. The Claimant’s state of mind and health at the time is evidenced by the contents of the Occupational Health report dated 21 May 2010, C18. The report included the following:-
Although he recovered from cancer treatment in 2008, there were difficulties at the school after his return. He has now been off work and suffered with depression and anxiety for many months. I saw him on 4 November 2009 and suggested a speedy resolution and some suggestions about possible conduct of any interviews. He had a welfare meeting on 19 November 2009 which, unfortunately, he felt was unsympathetic and very upsetting, and which he felt did not progress matters at all and which made him tearful and seemed to worsen his condition. There has been no contact since, although he would have appreciated supportive emails or letters. His next contact was a letter of 30 April 2010 with dates for planned disciplinary hearing, and detailing charges against him. His lawyer replied in detail with a letter, and the dates passed. Meanwhile, although he had antidepressant medication for some weeks, and some 20 sessions of counselling, there has been no improvement, and his psychological condition has continued to deteriorate.
i. Present Situation
He has been worse in the last few months, with very little sleep, and increasing tearfulness. In fact he has suicidal feelings. His condition has affected his family, and his wife and children have also suffered. Another significant obstacle is his annual cancer check scan which is due on 29 July 2010.
ii. Specific Questions
His psychological condition is deteriorating, and I am concerned. He is suffering from an acute anxiety state with some depressive symptoms. I do not feel that this condition is consistent with a further interview or hearing at present, and I do not consider he is fit to instruct a representative, understand allegations, or follow proceedings, which factors are the principle test for fitness to attend hearings. Although you asked specific questions about when he will be fit to attend, I am unable to take this further at present
iii. Further Plans
In my opinion he will benefit from urgent specialist psychiatric assessment for advice and possible treatment. I am writing to his GP with a copy of this letter. I have given him a recommendation for a self-help book. Please ask us to see him again in one month’s time, and we can advise you further.
239. The Tribunal accepted the Claimant’s evidence and his submission that it was not possible for him to consider the disciplinary investigations when they were delivered which had been compiled over an 18 month period and amounted to five large ring binders. It was not until the late summer 2010 that the Claimant was in a position to consider the very significant amount of documentation and to make an informed judgment about the Respondent’s approach throughout the prolonged disciplinary process. We conclude that the Claimant’s resignation was triggered by the Respondent’s conduct culminating in his dismissal.
240. The Tribunal found on the evidence, that the entire investigatory process had been motivated by the Respondent’s intention to achieve the removal of the Claimant from the school. The Tribunal concluded that in the circumstances there was no unreasonable delay on the part of the Claimant before he resigned from his employment by his letter dated 9 September 2010.
241. It is the unanimous judgment of the Tribunal that the Claimant was unfairly, constructively dismissed by the Respondent.
242. The Tribunal was unable to accept Mrs Fraser-Butlin’s submission that when the Claimant returned to work in September 2008 he had a past disability. The Claimant was fit to return to work in September 2008 but was still subjected to routine scans and we noted that nearly two years later the occupational health report of 21 May 2010 referred to the Claimant’s annual cancer check scan due on 29 July 2010 as a significant obstacle to the Claimant’s general wellbeing, C18. Further the Respondent Lambeth Legal Services in a letter to the Claimant’s then solicitors dated 15 June 2010, page 1544 stated the following:-
i. We see from your witness synopsis that you intend to call your client’s oncologist to give evidence. You will recall the issue of medical evidence had been raised previously. On 16 March the Tribunal ordered that the parties try to agree directions in respect of medical evidence. On 19 March you wrote to the Tribunal and strongly disputed the need for medical evidence. On 25 March we conceded that your client was disabled and had been at all material times and that there was now no need for medical evidence.
ii. It is clear from your synopsis that Dr Harper’s evidence will be expert evidence. If expert evidence is now considered to have been unnecessary then we consider that it would be appropriate for you to first explore that with the Tribunal and, if they consider that will be necessary, the parties can then try to agree appropriate directions.
243. The Tribunal considered that in June 2010, the Respondent accepted that the Claimant was someone who clearly remained vulnerable as a result of cancer check scans. Further in a report dated 15 December 2010, C32/1 from the Claimant’s consultant medical oncologist, Dr Peter Harper. Dr Harper stated the following:-
i. Post operatively the diagnosis was made that the cancer had arisen for testicular cancer. The testicular cancer itself was resected.
ii.Thereafter he came under my care for combination chemotherapy. The combination chemotherapy used in metastatic testicular cancers is one of the most aggressive chemotherapies we use in every day oncology.
iii.As ever in these cancers, although we hope the prognosis is excellent, we cannot give the reassurances the patient would like and there is no doubt that Mr Walker had been under considerable stress.
244. We conclude that the Claimant was disabled for the purposes of the DDA at all material times.
245. The Claimant had raised a grievance alleging harassment, victimisation and bullying and acts of discrimination under the DDA as early as 27 February 2009 which was supported by a statement of grievance enclosed in his letter to the Respondent’s Chief Executive Derek Anderson dated 24 March 2009 pages 580-601.
246. We approached the allegations of victimisation with some caution. The Respondent had already embarked on a course of conduct involving the Claimant’s suspension and the Penny Bermingham investigation before the protected act of February 2009. Further we concluded that for its own reasons the Respondent was motivated by an intention to achieve the Claimant’s removal from his post of Head Teacher at the school. Accordingly there was clearly no causal link between the Penny Bermingham investigation and the protected act.
247. Although the Tribunal rejected Mrs Fraser-Butlin’s submission that the reason for the treatment of the Claimant was because of the seriousness of the allegations and the need to investigate them, we accepted her contention at paragraph 108 of her submissions, namely that,
What is striking is that the Claimant’s position has been that the Respondent was seeking to dismiss him before he lodged his grievances. Therefore this cannot be victimisation.
248. We concluded that the treatment complained of by the Claimant was not on grounds of any protected act and accordingly the Claimant’s complaint of unlawful victimisation is not well founded and is accordingly dismissed.
249. The Tribunal also considered the Claimant’s complaint that the Respondent failed to make reasonable adjustments for him. We did not accept the submission of Mrs Fraser-Butlin that the Claimant had to be treated as a person having past disability which would not place a duty on the Respondent to make reasonable adjustments for an individual with a past disability. However, the Respondent had made a number of adjustments in relation to the investigation process, identified by Mrs Fraser-Butlin in her submissions, namely limiting meetings to two hours, having breaks every hour, allowing the Claimant’s wife to be present using written questions of the Claimant rather than interviews.
250. The Claimant himself did not suggest that there were any particular adjustments which could be made. Further, although the Tribunal enquired on several occasions of the Claimant about the provision criterion or practice which placed him at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with those who were not disabled the Claimant was unable to identify any such PCP.
251. The Claimant’s complaint of a failure on the part of the Respondent to make reasonable adjustments for him is not well founded and is accordingly dismissed.
252. The Claimant also alleged harassment involving his suspension, the Penny Birmingham investigation, the approach taken to his grievances, and the second disciplinary investigation. The Tribunal concluded that the Respondent’s treatment of the Claimant had been motivated by its intention to remove the Claimant from his role as Head Teacher in pursuance of which it continued his isolation from the school.
253. Although we concluded that the conduct of the Respondent towards the Claimant throughout the entire process crossed the threshold into conduct which wholly undermined the employment relationship between the parties, we were unable to conclude that the Respondent’s conduct, deplorable as it was in some instances, was on grounds of the Claimant’s disability or on grounds of any protected act. We found no causative link between the conduct complained of, which the Claimant alleged amounted to unlawful discrimination on grounds his disability, and the Claimant’s disability.
254. Notwithstanding our criticisms about the Respondent’s conduct towards the Claimant we found no facts which could have led us to conclude that the Respondent’s conduct was unlawful under the DDA in the absence of an adequate explanation from the Respondent.
255. It is the unanimous judgment of the Tribunal that the Claimant’s complaints of unlawful disability discrimination and victimisation are not well founded and are accordingly dismissed.
256. A Remedy Hearing will be listed.
Signed: Employment Judge Hall-Smith
Date: 02 August 2011
Judgment and Reasons sent to the parties and entered in the Register on: 02 August 2011
© Lambeth Child Abuse and Cover-up.com 2013 – 2016 All Rights Reserved